Texas Almanac, 1964-1965 Page: 60

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TEXAS ALMANAC-1964-1965

The adopted song of the University of Texas, "The
Eyes of Texas," is also frequently sung at public
gatherings. It is usually sung by a standing audience
and has a measure of recognition as a state song.
Origin of this song is as follows: William Lamdin
Prather, president of the University of Texas, 1899-
1906, frequently said to the students, "The eyes of
Texas are upon you." A university minstrel, as a
prank, when President Prather was present, sang
a song, using this phrase, which had been written
by a student, John Lang Sinclair, to the tune of "I've
Been Working on the Railroad (Levee)." Gradually
it became the adopted song of the university and is
now popular throughout the state.
THE EYES OF TEXAS
The eyes of Texas are upon you,
All the live-long day.
The eyes of Texas are upon you,
You cannot get away.
Do not think you can escape them,
At night or early in the morn,
The eyes of Texas are upon you
Till Gabriel blows his horn.
Texas Flag Usage
These rules are from Acts of the Forty-third Leg-
islature, 1933 (p. 186, ch. 87):
Flown out-of-doors, the Texas flag must be on
flagpole or staff at least two and one half times as
long as the flag. It should not be unfurled earlier
than sunrise and should be taken down not later than
sunset. It should not be left out in rain, snow or
other inclement weather. It should be flown with the
white stripe uppermost except in case of distress.
When the flag is displayed against a wall, the blue
field should be at the flag's own right (observer's
left). The Texas flag should be displayed on all state
memorial days; it should fly at every school on ev-
ery regular school day.
The Texas flag should be on the marching left in
a procession in which the flag of the United States is
carried; its staff should be behind the staff of the
flag of the United States when the two are displayed
with crossed staffs. The Texas flag should be under-
neath the national flag when the two are flown from
the same halyard. When flown from separate, adja-
cent flagpoles, the United States flag and the Texas

flag should be of approximately the same size and
on flagpoles of equal length, and the United States
flag should be on "the flag's own right," i.e., to the
observer's left. The Texas flag should never be used
for any utilitarian or strictly decorative purpose. Es-
pecially no advertising should be placed upon the
flag or flag staff, and no picture of the flag be used
in an advertisement. When the Texas flag is in such
condition that it is no longer a suitable emblem for
display, it should be destroyed, preferably by burn-
ing, "with the spirit of respect and reverence which
all Texans owe the emblem."
In addition to the foregoing from the statute of
the Forty-third Legislature, Acts of the Legislature of
1917 (third called session, p. 81), provide a penalty
for disfiguring the Texas flag in any way, using it for
advertising or commercial purposes by printing on
it, or the flagpole, or otherwise.
Meaning of Colors in Flags
The colors in the flags of both United States and
Texas mean as follows: courage (red), purity and
liberty (white) and loyalty (blue). The committee,
headed by Oliver Jones, which in 1839 wrote the
recommendations for the present Lone Star Flag of
Texas, specified that the meanings should be peace
(white), war (red) and friendship (blue). However,
this part of the recommendation was not adopted by
the Texas Congress, and the meanings of the colors
in the national and state flags are commonly accept-
ed as being identical.
Salute to National Flag
The flag should be saluted when passing in parade
by the civilian removing hat and placing at left
shoulder while standing at attention. Women salute
by standing at attention and placing right hand over
heart.
Pledge to Flag of United States
With right hand over heart: "I pledge allegiance
to the flag of the United States of America and to
the Republic for which it stands. One nation, under
God, indivisible, with liberty and justice for all."
Pledge to the Texas Flag
An act of the Forty-third Legislature, 1933, pro-
vides the following pledge to the Texas flag:
"Honor the Texas Flag of 1836;
I pledge allegiance to thee-
Texas, one and indivisible."

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Texas Almanac, 1964-1965, book, 1963; Dallas, Texas. (https://texashistory.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metapth113807/m1/62/ocr/: accessed April 20, 2019), University of North Texas Libraries, The Portal to Texas History, https://texashistory.unt.edu; crediting Texas State Historical Association.

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