Texas Almanac, 1964-1965 Page: 71
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Hundreds of miles apart, San Jose Mission at San Antonio (left) and the mission
at Ysleta, El Paso County, are beautiful reminders of Texas' Spanish heritage.
Site of Mission and Pueblo of San Antonio de
Senecu two miles northwest of Ysleta on U.S.
Highway 80. At San Elizarlo is site of Pre-
sidio de Nuestra Senora del Pilar y Glorioso
Senor San Jose, established by Don Domingo
Jironza Petriz de Cruzate in 1683 near Mission
de Nuestra Senora de Guadalupe in present
Ciudad Juarez, Mexico; located on this site
in 1773 and renamed Presidio de San Elizario;
its chapel was served by Franciscan mission-
aries. Later called Camp San Elizario; in
1849 garrisoned by U.S. troops, abandoned
and reoccupied by California Volunteers in
1862. It is on the Rio Grande 22 miles below
El Paso. At San Elizario is marker commemo-
rating Salt War. The pass through which the
Rio Grande flows, El Paso del Norte, was a
gateway for the conquistadores. Near El Paso
on U.S. Highway 80-A is marker for El Paso
del Rio del Norte, named May 4, 1598, by Don
Juan de Onate. In Hueco Mountains are the
Hueco Tanks, famous watering place for In-
dians and travelers, and one of the historic
landmarks in the Trans-Pecos. Situated here
was station on the Southern Overland Mail
Line between St. Louis and San Francisco,
1858-61. In San Jacinto Plaza is marker to El
Camino Real which passed through El Paso.
The Texas Western College Centennial Mu-
seum erected as part of the Texas centennial
program, houses mineral, archaeological and
historical collections. El Paso Museum of Art,
housing part of Kress collection of Italian
Renaissance paintings, opened in 1961. Ranger
Peak Tramway located on east slope of Mt.
Franklin affords 7.000-sq.-mi. view of three
states (Texas, New Mexico and Chihuahua,
Mexico) ; only two others like it in U.S. Christ
of the Rockies statue Is on Sierra de Cristo
Rey, three miles from El Paso in New Mex-
ico. First military post in El Paso was estab-
lished in 1849 and was named The Post Oppo-
site El Paso (El Paso being present-day
Juarez); abandoned in 1851 and re-established
as Fort Bliss in 1853, and named for Gen. W.
W. S. Bliss, Gen. Zachary Taylor's Adjutant
General in the Mexican War. Fort Bliss was
established on its present location in 1893. An
active army post of importance today. Biggs
Air Force Base established here in 1915 as
part of Fort Bliss; named in honor of Lt.
James B. Biggs, killed in World War I.
ERATH: At Stephenville is the 'Erath Me-
morial Arch for George Bernhard Erath, for
whom the county \ais named. He fought at
San Jacinto. Thurber in north part of county
was once Texas' leadag coal mining center
with 7,000 population. Industry declined and
finally was abandoned after discovery of oil
in Texas. Only a few houses remain today. At
Bluff Dale is Old Rock Church and cemetery.
FALLS: Near Marlin is marked site of
Fort Milam built at the capital of Robertson's
Colony, Sarahville de Viesca, in 1834. First
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Texas Almanac, 1964-1965, book, 1963; Dallas, Texas. (texashistory.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metapth113807/m1/73/: accessed January 22, 2019), University of North Texas Libraries, The Portal to Texas History, texashistory.unt.edu; crediting Texas State Historical Association.