Texas Almanac, 1964-1965 Page: 85
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LANDMARKS OF TEXAS 85
built in late 1800s and Snow house, built about
1850. The original "bank" for Panola County
was 10-foot, double-door safe, which is now
used by City of Carthage as records vault.
PARKER: The Double Log Cabin at Hol-
land's Lake, 1.5 miles east of Weatherford is
a memorial to the pioneers of Parker County.
In the east room George McCleskey was
killed by Indians in 1873. The west room was
Dan Waggoner's headquarters. Ranch house
built in 1855. Six miles north of Weatherford
is Veal's Station, settled in 1852. In 1858 an
outstanding school was established here by
William G. Veal. It continued for more than a
half century. Douglas Chandor Garden at west
edge of Weatherford near city water tank is
memorial to famed artist. Six miles north of
Weatherford is site where first district court
in Parker County held in 1856 by side of old
Fort Worth and Fort Belknap Road in post
oak grove; Judge Nathaniel Burford presided.
First Methodist Church at Weatherford or-
ganized in 1857 by Rev. Pleasant Tackitt.
Stone church erected in 1886 destroyed by
tornado; present building completed in 1891.
At Springtown, annual reunion held by de-
scendants of McCracken College Hill Institute
and Fronabarger Male and Female Institute,
and the Veal Station College, early education-
PARMER: Farwell courthouse square has
marker for John V. Farwell and C. B. Far-
well, builders of Texas Capitol; founders of
XIT Ranch, 1855.
PECOS: Fort Stockton is on site of old
Fort Stockton, for which county seat is
named, that guarded San Antonio-San Diego
stage coach and mail route. Established here
at Comanche Springs March 23, 1859, it was
abandoned in 1861, and garrisoned by Confed-
erate force during part of War Between the
States. Re-garrisoned by U.S. Army after
war. Twenty miles northwest of Girvin is lo-
cation of Horsehead Crossing on Pecos River,
named by early travelers who found the
crossing marked with horses' skulls. The Co-
manche Trail, Butterfield Route (1858-1861)
and the road from Fort Concho west passed
here. The Goodnight-Loving Trail, established
in 1866, came here and turned up the Pecos.
Seven miles east of Fort Stockton is Tunis
Springs ranger station, rebuilt from original
stones. At Fort Stockton is the Annie Riggs
Museum, built at turn of century.
POLK: The Alabama-Coushatta Indian
Reservation in the eastern part of the county
dates from 1854. Sam Houston, friend of the
Indians, was primarily responsible for its es-
tablishment. Near Moscow is Holcombe home,
built about 1854, double log cabin home. Near
Moscow is site of Moscow Male and Female
Academy; later merged into public school
POTTER: At Amarillo is a monument to
Fra Juan de Padilla, who accompanied the
Coronado expedition and remained as mis-
sionary among Indians. First martyr for
Christianity in Texas and the United States,
1544. Traces of Pueblo Indian dwellings found
at places along Canadian, as well as extensive
flint quarries dating back to Glacial Age.
PRESIDIO: Presidio is site of Presidio del
Norte de la Junta, established by Alonzo Rub-
in de Cells, 1759-60. This also is the site of
several missions established in 1683-84 by
Don Juan Dominguez de Mendoza and Fra
Nicolas Lopez, including San Antonio de los
Puliques, San Francisco de los Julimes, Santa
Maria la Redonda, San Pedro Alcantara, San
Cristobal; La Navidad en las Cruces, estab-
lished in 1683, and Apostol Santiago Mission,
established in December, 1683. Another mis-
sion in this area was El Senor San Jose,
founded in 1715 by Juan Antonio de Trasvina
Retis expedition. San Cristobal, Indian pueblo
at La Junta de los Rios near present Presidio,
Texas, established 1715; abandoned after es-
tablishment of Presidio del Norte in 1760.
Fort Cienaga established as private fortress
in 1850; ruins, near Shafter, still visible. One
of three adobe fortresses situated at springs
near Shafter, marker at site of Cibolo, Cien-
_a and El Morita fortresses, established by
Milton Faver. Thirteen miles east of Marfa,
on U.S. Highways 67-90, is site of Paisano
Pass on Chihuahua Trail to California. On
approximate site of Mission San Francisco de
los Julimes at Presidio is marker. Four miles
east of Presidio is old home of Ben Leaton
(known as Fort Leaton), which he acquired
in 1848. His home was for many years a fron-
tier post and unofficial headquarters of U.S.
Army on border. Restored for historical pur-
poses, in good condition. Fort Cibolo was es-
tablished as a private fort. Used by U.S.
troops on march between Fort Davis and Fort
Leaton. Now abandoned the fort stands on
J. E. White & Sons ranch. Fort D. A. Russell,
Marfa, was maintained as a border post until
1932. It was the last post of the famous First
Cavalry Regiment, which was motorized after
transfer from this location; known as Camp
Marfa until Jan. 1, 1930. Became inactive in
December, 1945, and is now privately owned.
RANDALL: On the campus of the West
Texas State College is the museum of the
Panhandle Plains Historical Society, housing
a valuable collection of historical relics.
REAGAN: Grierson Springs, stone fort
built in 1878, is in southwestern part of coun-
ty. At Stiles is first courthouse built in Rea-
gan County, May 8, 1903; county seat moved
to Big Lake in 1925. Big Lake Oil Field, 10
miles west of Big Lake on U.S. Highway 67,
first major discovery of oil in West Texas,
May 23, 1923; also first oil field on University
of Texas land, Santa Rita No. 1.
REAL: Camp Wood is site of Mission San
Lorenzo de la Santa Cruz, founded by Fran-
ciscan missionaries in 1762, abandoned in
1769. Camp Wood was established May 20,
1857. It was abandoned March 15, 1861, but
used by Texas Rangers for a number of years
following War Between the States. Leakey
tree near Frio River, two miles northwest
Leakey, on J. J. Burditt place; trunk 150 feet
high, is one of largest trees in state.
RED RIVER: Red River County was the
center of a colonization movement unique in
early Texas history. Because the Sulphur
River was erroneously supposed by some to
be the international boundary line, instead of
the Red, there was a movement into this re-
gion of Northeast Texas even before Austin's
Colony was founded in South Texas. Clarks-
ville was incorporated Dec. 29, 1837, named
for James Clark who settled here 1834. Seven
miles northwest of Clarksville at old Jones-
boro Crossing is point where Sam Houston
first set foot on Texas soil, Dec. 2, 1832.
Pecan Gap and Jonesboro on the Red River
were other settlements and ferry points. Mc-
Kenzie College at Clarksville was an out-
standing educational institution of its day, es-
tablished 1841, closed 1869. Statue of David
Gouverneur Burnet stands at Clarksville.
Clarksvlle is site of Ebenezer Allen home,
built in 1842. DeMorse home, built in 1834,
contains many relics of pioneer days. Shiloh
Cumberland Presbyterian Church built in
1833. The Northern Standard, edited and pub-
lished from Aug. 20, 1842, to Oct. 25, 1887, by
Col. Charles DeMorse, referred to as "the
Father of Texas Journalism." First Presby-
terian Church of Clarksville was founded in
1833 at Old Shiloh 'community; moved to pres-
ent site in 1840. Six miles southwest of De-
troit is the birthplace of John Nance Garner,
Vice-President of the United States, 1933-1941.
REEVES: Pecos was developed in 1883
and is home of world's first rodeo, also held
in 1883; "West of Pecos Rodeo" held annually
in July ever since. Replica of Judge Roy
Bean's Jersey Lily Saloon, built in Pecos.
"West of the Pecos" Museum completed in
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Texas Almanac, 1964-1965, book, 1963; Dallas, Texas. (https://texashistory.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metapth113807/m1/87/?q=mccleskey: accessed December 9, 2022), University of North Texas Libraries, The Portal to Texas History, https://texashistory.unt.edu; crediting Texas State Historical Association.