Texas Almanac, 1966-1967 Page: 493
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Railroads operating in Texas and the
initials used to designate them on this
ASS-Abilene & Southern.
A&NR-Angelina & Neches River.
CRI&P-Chicago, Rock Island & Pacific.
D&PS-Denison & Pacific Suburban.
FW&D-Fort Worth & Denver.
GH&H-Galveston, Houston &
GC&SF--Gulf, Colorado & Santa Fe.
KO&G-Kansas, Oklahoma & Gulf.
KCS-Kansas City Southern.
L&A-Louisiana & Arkansas.
MC&SA-Moscow, Camden &
P&SF-Panhandle & Santa Fe.
PVS-Pecos Valley Southern.
TEXAS RAILROAD MAP
lc Railroad Names
- ,,'PC&N-Point Comfort & Northern.
'/ QA&P-Quaah, Acme & Pacific.
RS&S-Rockdale, Sandow & Southern.
RS&P-Roscoe, Snyder & Pacific.
SLSF&T-St. Louis, San Francisco &
SLSW-St. Louis Southwestern.
T&N-Texas & Northern.
T&P-Texas & Pacific.
Wells & Northwestern.
Recognizing the need for transportation
where there were no navigable rivers of sig-
nificant value, Texas pioneers tried to start
railroads within six years after steam en-
gines began operating in the U.S. But build-
ing railroads had hard sledding, Ray Osborne,
Texas Railroad Association, says in this brief
history written especially for the Texas
The first railroad charter west of the Mis-
sissippi was issued Dec. 16, 1836, to the
Texas Rail-Road, Navigation and Banking
Co. But it was 17 years before a single line
was completed, and the first four railroads
chartered were not completed.
Harrisburg Railroad and Trading Co. was
the fifth railroad chartered, Jan. 9, 1841.
After two miles of track were laid, work
stagnated. It was not resumed until after
Texas joined the Union, and completed in
August 1853, under a new charter issued
in 1850 to the Buffalo Bayou, Brazos and
Colorado. The line ran 20 miles from Galves-
ton to Stafford's Point. (This eventually be-
came part of the Southern Pacific.)
Texas' second railroad to operate began
in 1853 as the Galveston & Red River,
changing to Texas Central Railroad Co. in
1856. Before the War Between the States, 80
miles had been completed northward to Mil-
lican. Other lines followed, the first eight in
the southern part of Texas and two in North
Texas Western was the first northern
line, chartered Feb. 16, 1852; it built 20 miles
from the head of navigation on Caddo Lake
toward Marshall and graded 25 more miles
of right-of-way before war broke out. The
other northern line was the Memphis, El
Paso and Pacific, chartered Feb. 7, 1853. Be-
fore the war 57 miles were graded but only
five miles of track were completed.
When war came, Texas had 10 railroads
in operation with a total mileage of 469. By
1865, all were bankrupt with roadbed and
equipment badly deteriorated. Some trackage
had even been removed and relocated by
military forces. It was five years before any
could begin rebuilding except the Houston
and Texas Central, which resumed construc-
tion in 1867. It reached Dallas in 1872.
In 1871 a railroad boom started, but was
halted again by the financial panic of 1873.
It resumed in 1876 and the Texas rail sys-
tem finally grew to a peak of 17,078.29 miles
of main line in 1932.
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Texas Almanac, 1966-1967, book, 1965; Dallas, Texas. (texashistory.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metapth113808/m1/495/: accessed May 23, 2017), University of North Texas Libraries, The Portal to Texas History, texashistory.unt.edu; crediting Texas State Historical Association.