Texas Almanac, 1952-1953 Page: 59
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carnosus is closely related and is accepted
also as the state flower in those parts of the
state where it grows. It was adopted by the
State Legislature at the request of the Society
of Colonial Dames of America in Texas. (Acts
of 1901, regular session of Twenty-seventh
Legislature, page 323.)
State Bird-The mockingbird is the offi-
cially recognized state bird of Texas, adopted
by the Legislature at the request of the Texas
Federation of Women's Clubs. (Acts of 1927,
Fortieth Legislature, regular session, page
State Song.-The state song of Texas is
"Texas, Our Texas," the music of which was
written by William J. Marsh. Fort Worth.
Texas, and the words by Mr. Marsh and
Gladys Yoakum Wright, also of Fort Worth.
It was adopted as the result of an award
offered by the Legislature. (Acts of 1929,
first called session, Forty-first Legislature,
TEXAS, OUR TEXAS
Texas. our Texas! All hail the mighty State!
Texas, our Texas! So wonderful, so gieat'
Largest and grandest, withstanding e ery test:
O empie wide and glorious, you stand supremely
God bless you, Texas' And keep you bi tae and
That you may grow in power and oith. thiough-
out the ages long.
Texas, O Texas! Your freeborn single star.
Sends out its radiance to nations near and far
Emblem of freedom' It sets our hearts aglo ,
With thoughts of San Jacinto and glorious Alamo.
Texas, dear Texas! From tyrant gip now fee,
Shines forth in splendor your star of destiny'
Mother of heroes! We come your children tue.
Proclaiming our allegiance, our faith, our love
-Words by Gladys Yoakum Wright and William
J Marsh. Music by William J Marsh
The adopted song of the University of Tex-
as. "The Eyes of Texas," is also frequently
sung at public gatherings. It is usually sung
by hy a standing audience and has a measure of
recognition as a state song. Origin of this
song is as follows. William Lamdin Prather,
president of the University of Texas, 1899-
1906, frequently said to the students, "The
eyes of Texas are upon you." A university
minstrel, in pranking mood on an occasion
when President Prather was present, sang a
song, using this phrase, which had been writ-
ten by a student, John Lang Sinclair, to the
tune of "I've Been Working on the Railroad"
(Levee). Gradually it became the adopted
song of the university and is now a popular
song on public occasions throughout the state.
THE EYES OF TEXAS
(University of Texas)
The eyes of Texas are upon you,
All the live-long day.
The eyes of Texas are upon you,
You cannot get away.
Do not think you can escape them,
At night or early in the morn,
The eyes of Texas are upon you
Till Gabriel blows his horn.
-Words by John Lang Sinclair. Tune, "Levee
State Holidays.-Texas has two state holi-
days and several special observance days. The
two holidays are Independence Day, March 2,
and San Jacinto Day, April 21. (See index for
'Anniversaries and Festivals.")
There has been no official adoption by the
state of any animal other than the mocking-
bird. However, the Longhorn, adopted by
University of Texas; the Mustang, adopted by
Southern Methodist University; the Horned
Frog, adopted by Texas Christian University,
are rather widely recognized as specifically
"Texan," and as being common property of
all Texans. The chaparral bird, also known
as the roadrunner and Paisano, is a favorite
and was the adopted bird of the Centennial
Exposition of 1936.
U.S. AND TEXAS FLAG USAGE
The national flag should be flown oi dis-
played only from sunrise to sunset, should be
carried at the marching right in procession
with other flags, should be displayed in the
center of a group of flags and at highest
point, should be at peak when flown from dif-
ferent staffs at same elevation as other flags.
When displayed against a wall, with stripes
in either horizontal or vertical position, the
blue field should be on the flag's own right
(observer's left). When suspended in a street,
the flag should be draped vertically with the
blue field to the north in an east-and-west
street, and to the east in a noi th-and-south
The flag should never be used for a cov-
ering, drape or other utilitarian or purely
decorative purpose, should not be exposed in
such a way that it will be damaged or soiled.
A flag no longer a fitting emblem for display
should be destroyed, preferably by burning.
"with reverence and respect," according to
Legal provisions with respect to mutilation
or defiling the United States flag, or using it
as part of advertisements, are found in Sec. 3
of Title 4 of the U.S. Code. A national flag
code was formulated by a National Flag Con-
ference, sponsored by the American Legion,
Texas Flag Usage.
Following rules are from Acts of the Forty-
third Legislature, 1933 (p. 186, ch 87)
Flown out-of-doors, the Texas flag must be-
on flagpole or staff at least two and one half
times as long as the flag. It should not be
unfurled earlier than sunrise and should be
taken down not later than sunset. It should
not be left out in rain, snow or other inclem-
ent weather. It should be flown with the white
stripe uppermost except in case of distress.
When the flag is displayed against a wall, the
blue field should be at the flag's own right
(observer's left). The Texas flag should be
displayed on all state memorial days, it should
fly at every school on every regular school
gThe Texas flag should be on the marching
left in a procession in which the flag of the
United States is carried; its staff should be
behind the staff of the flag of the United
States when the two are displayed with
crossed staffs. The Texas flag should be
underneath the national flag when the two
are flown from the same halyard. When
flown from separate, adjacent flagpoles, the
United States flag and the Texas flag should
be of approximately the same size and on
flagpoles of equal length, and the United
States flag should be on "the flag's own
right," i.e., to the observer's left. The Texas
flag should not be used as a drape to cover a
speaker's platform; should not be draped
over the hood, sides or rear of a motorcar,
train, boat or other vehicle of transporta-
tion; should not be allowed to touch the
ground; should not be used as covering for a
ceiling; should not be used as any portion of
a costume or athletic uniform; should not be
embroidered on cushions or handkerchiefs or
printed on boxes or paper napkins; should
not have any printing or lettering of any kind
on it; must not have any advertisement.
placed on it, or flagpole, or be used in any
way for advertising purposes; should not be
used in any way purely as decoration. When
carried on automobile or float, It should be
with staff firmly fixed to radiator cap or
chassis. When the Texas flag Is in such con-
dition that it is no longer a suitable emblem
for display, it should be destroyed, preferably
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Texas Almanac, 1952-1953, book, 1951; Dallas, Texas. (texashistory.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metapth117137/m1/61/: accessed December 13, 2017), University of North Texas Libraries, The Portal to Texas History, texashistory.unt.edu; crediting Texas State Historical Association.