Texas Almanac, 1952-1953 Page: 61
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BRIEF HISTORY OF TEXAS.
ties, and in defiance of the laws and the
It has made piratical attacks upon our
commerce by commissioning foreign desper a-
does, and authorizing them to seize our ves-
sels and convey the property of our citizens
to far-distant ports for confiscation
It denies us the right of worshiping the
Almighty according to the dictates of our own
consciences, by the support of a national reli-
gion calculated to promote the temporal in-
terests of its human functionaries rather than
the glory of the true and living God
It has demanded us to deliver up our arms,
which are essential to our defense, the right-
ful property of freemen, and formidable only
to tyrannical governments.
It has invaded our country, both by sea and
by land, with intent to lay waste our terri-
tory, and drive us from our homes; and has
now a large mercenary army advancing to
carl y on against us a war of extermination.
It has, through its emissaries, incited the
merciless savage, with the tomahawk and
scalping knife, to massacre the inhabitants
of our defenseless frontiers.
It hath been, during the whole time of our
connection with it. the contemptible sport antl
ictim of successive military revolutions, and
hath continually exhibited every character-
istic of a weak, corrupt and tyrannical gox-
These and other grievances were patiently
borne by the people of Texas, until they
reached that point at which forbearance
ceases to be a virtue. We then took up
arms in defense of the National Constitution.
We appealed to our Mexican brethren for
assistance. Our appeal has been made in
vain; though months have elapsed,-no sympa-
thetic response has yet been heard from the
interior. We are, therefore, forced to the
melancholy conclusion that the Mexican peo-
ple have acquiesced in the destruction of
their liberty, and the substitution therefor of
a military government-that they are unfit to
be free, and incapable of self-government.
The necessity of self-preservation, there-
EXTREMES OF SIZE-
There are 254 counties in Texas, all of
which are organized with their administrative
units. The last county organized was Loving,
in 1931. (In some instances, counties have
been created a number of years before being
organized. In such instances, the unorganized
county was attached to some contiguous
county for administrative purposes. Dates of
creation and organization are given in county
articles on other pages. (See index.)
Sizes of Texas Counties.
Texas counties vary greatly in size, popu-
lation, density of population and wealth, and
also in economic, political and cultural char-
Brewster is largest county with 6,208 square
miles. Brewster County could be divided into
a little more than forty-two counties as big
as Rockwall, the smallest county. Brewster
County is more than five times as large as
Rhode Island, three times as large as Dela-
ware, and 50 per cent larger than Connecticut.
It is larger than Connecticut and Rhode
Pecos is the second largest county in Texas
with 4,736 square miles. Other large counties.
according to rank are Hudspeth, 4,533; Pre-
sidio, 3,877; Culberson, 3,848; Webb, 3,295;
Val Verde, 3,242; Crockett, 2,794; Reeves,
2,600; Terrell, 2,388; Jeff Davis, 2,258; Ed-
wards. 2.075. All of these counties lie in West
and Southwer^ Texas. Harris, with 1,747
square miles, 1 the largest county in the
eastern part of 'T exas.
Rockwall ranks first among the counties on
the score of smallness, with 147 square miles.
Camp County is next smallest with 190 square
fore. now decrees our eternal political separa-
We. therefore, the delegates, with plenary
powers, of the people of Texas, in solemn
convention assembled, appealing to a candid
world for the necessities of our condition, do
hereby resolve and declare that our political
connection with the Mexican nation has for-
ever ended, and that the people of Texas do
now constitute a free, sovereign and inde-
pendent Republic, and are fully invested with
all the rights and attributes which properly
belong to independent nations; and, conscious
of the rectitude of our intentions, we fear-
lessly and confidently commit the issue to
the decision of the Supreme Arbiter of the
destinies of nations.
RICHARD ELLIS, President.
Charles B. Stewart. Charles S. Taylor.
Thomas Barnett. John S. Roberts.
James Collinsworth. Robert Hamilton.
Edwin Waller. Collin McKinney.
John S. D. Byrom. Albert H. Latimer.
Francisco Ruiz. James Power.
Jose Antonio Na arro Sam Houston.
Jessie B. Badgett. David Thomas.
William D. Lacey. Edward Conrad.
William Menifee. Martin Parmer.
John Fisher. Edward O. LeGrand.
Mathew Caldwell. Stephen W. Blount.
J. William Mottley. James Gaines.
Lorenzo de Zavala. William Clark Jr.
Stephen H. Everitt. Sydney O. Pennington.
George W. Smyth. William Carroll
Elijah Stapp. Crawford.
Claiborne West. John Turner.
William B. Scates. Benjamin B. Goodrich.
M. B. Menard. G. W. Barnett.
A. B. Hardin. James G. Swisher.
J. W. Bunton. Jesse Grimes.
Thomas J. Gazley. S. Rhoads Fisher.
R. M. Coleman. John W. Moore.
Sterling C. Robertson. John W. Bower.
George C. Childress. Samuel A. Maverick.
Bailey Hardeman. Sam P. Carson.
Robert Potter. A. Briscoe.
Thomas Jefferson James B. Woods.
Rusk. Asa Brigham.
miles, Somervell is next with 197 square
miles, and Rains is fourth with 235 square
miles, followed by Morris. 263; Delta, 276;
Gregg, 284, and Franklin, 293.
The first-ranking county in population
(1950) was Harris with 806,701. The lowest
was Loving with 227. The highest density' of
population in any county was that of Dallas
with 688.5 per square mile. The lowest was
Loving with 0,4 per square mile.
The biggest incorporated place wag Houston
with a population of 594,321. The smallest
was Belcherville, Montague County. with 31.
There were 717 incorporated places in Texas,
according to the census of 1950.
Each Texas county is divided into four
commissioners precincts and from four to
eight justices precincts. There are more than
6,000 districts of various sorts in the state
with administrative and financing powers.
They vary in size from districts containing a
number of counties to those containing a few
While the population of Texas has in-
creased, there has been a decrease in the
number of civil subdivisions and in the num-
ber of post-office towns. This has resulted
from the construction of improved roads and
the increased facilities for travel over them.
Though a number of counties have been
organized and later abolished, there has never
been a net decrease in the number of coun-
ties. There have been some advocates in
recent years of a plan of county consolidation
on the theory that improved highways make
the spacing of county seats approximately
every thirty miles is no longer necessary to
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Texas Almanac, 1952-1953, book, 1951; Dallas, Texas. (texashistory.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metapth117137/m1/63/: accessed August 19, 2017), University of North Texas Libraries, The Portal to Texas History, texashistory.unt.edu; crediting Texas State Historical Association.