Texas Almanac, 1952-1953 Page: 63
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the actual FFT's (First Families of Texas),
excluding the aborigine Indians.
The northward drift of Latin-American
Population in recent years, however, has scat-
tered it over all parts of the slate, and there
has been an appreciable northward interstate
movement even to the industrial centers of
Illinois and Michigan. It is difficult to estab-
lish definite population figures by localities
because of the large transient population.
Many thousands move northward in the
spring and summer aiding in the cotton and
grain harvest, returning to the border, or
even to Mexico, in the winter.
The Negro population, constituting the third
of three large population groups (Anglo-Amer-
ican. Latin-American and Negro), lies princi-
pally in the eastern third of the state, though
there has been a westward drift especially
to the cotton-growing areas. The Negro popu-
lation of Texas declined from 927.279 in 1940
to 886,000' in 1950, according to the Census
Bureau. This decline was due in large part to
emigration of Texas Negroes to the Pacific
Coast and to industrial centers of the North.
Thus the drift of Negro population is the
reverse of that of the other two large groups
(Anglo- and Latin-American groups) whose
Texas population has been steadily increasing.
Within the state's boundaries, the shift of
population within each of these larger groups
was very great during the 1940-1950 decen-
nium, but it was probably more noteworthy
among Negroes than among the other two.
This was primarily because the Negro con-
stituted the larger part of the share-cropper
farm tenant population. This classification
declined rapidly in number during both of
the last two census decenniums, 1930-1940 and
The decline in share-cropper tenant popula-
tion came as the result of the decline in
cotton acreage and the turning of the farmer
to mechanized operations and stock raising.
At the same time rapid industrialization in
'Preliminary figure of the Census Bureau. sub-
ject to final revision.
the cities offered employment. As a result
there was a large Negro migration to the
cities of both Texas and northern industrial
The Texas population has resulted largely
from two currents of immigration, the larger
('urrent of Anglo-Americans from other states
of the United States, notably the Old South.
and the smaller current from Mexico. But
there has been appreciable immigration from
Europe. Texas today has a larger European
stock population than any other Southern
Early German Immigration
Aside from the Mexican population, Germay
and Austria have contributed most of the pres-
ent foreign-born and foreign stock of Texas.
The first German colony in Texas was estab
lished at the present site of Industry, Austin.
County, in 1842. but the real beginning of
German immigration into Texas was in the
founding of the Association for the Protection
of German Immigrants in Texas in 1843, under
the patronage of a num ber of German noble
men. At that time, the Republic of Texas was
a 7-year-old nation of uncertain destiny. The
United States was in the throes of a political
fight over annexation, and European nations
were watching uneasily. The willingness of
certain German leaders to sponsor colonization
in Texas, together with internal conflict that
had caused many Germans to turn their eyes
to new countries in search of a future home.
Per Sq. Mi.
S 100 4o 399.9
sG o 99.9
S 25 io 49.9
1 to 24.9
I 5 to 14.9
t s Than
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Texas Almanac, 1952-1953, book, 1951; Dallas, Texas. (texashistory.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metapth117137/m1/65/: accessed January 20, 2018), University of North Texas Libraries, The Portal to Texas History, texashistory.unt.edu; crediting Texas State Historical Association.