The Southwestern Historical Quarterly, Volume 29, July 1925 - April, 1926 Page: 182
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Southwestern Historical Quarterly
tribes at Medicine Lodge, Kansas.4 The treaty provided for the
withdrawal of the Indians from the region between the Platte
and the Arkansas rivers and for the construction of railways
through this country. In connection with this provision the In-
dians agreed to go on a reservation set apart for them, the bound-
aries of which were as follows: the line on the east was the ninety-
eighth meridian; on the south and west it was to follow the Red
River and its north fork; on the north the Washita, from the
ninety-eighth meridian up to a point thirty miles by the river
from Fort Cobb and thence by a line running due west to the
north fork of the Red River.5 The treaty provided for the cessa-
tion of hostilities on the settlements of Texas and other western
states, and as an inducement to these marauders to cease their
depredations, the government promised to appropriate $25,000
annually for a period of thirty years "for the judicious purchase
of such articles as may seem proper to the condition and necessi-
ties of the Indians." All annuity goods were to be issued in
the presence of an army officer detailed for the purpose who should
inspect and report on the quality and quantity of the goods and
the manner of delivery of the same.' In addition to this promise
by the commissioners the government was to furnish implements
and tools for farming; and blacksmiths, teachers, and other helpers
to start them on the road to civilization.s
Though this treaty was definite in defining the rights of the
Indians and in setting forth the privileges of the same, it did not
meet with full approval of all the Indians. Many complaints
were made by the disgruntled savages. Kicking Bird, a chief of
the Kiowa, and a friend of the whites, said that the sole cause of
the Kiowa hostility was the unequal distribution of presents. The
agent of the Wichita reserve wrote that the Comanche in excusing
themselves from all blame in depredating on Texas after signing
4C. J. Kappler, Indian Affairs-Lazws and Treaties, II, 977. The place
of the treaty site is on Medicine Lodge Creek, Barber County, Kansas. At
the same time that this treaty was concluded, a similar one was made
with the Cheyenne and Arapahoe by which these tribes were placed on a
reservation north of that occupied by the Kiowa, Comanche, and Apache.
"James Mooney, Galendar History of the Kiowa, 17th Annual Report of
the Bureau of American Ethnology, p. 185.
1C. J. Kappler, Op. Cit., II, 979.
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Texas State Historical Association. The Southwestern Historical Quarterly, Volume 29, July 1925 - April, 1926, periodical, 1926; Austin, Texas. (texashistory.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metapth117141/m1/202/: accessed April 27, 2017), University of North Texas Libraries, The Portal to Texas History, texashistory.unt.edu; crediting Texas State Historical Association.