The Southwestern Historical Quarterly, Volume 29, July 1925 - April, 1926 Page: 21
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The' Federal Indian Policy in Texas, 1845-1860
than starting in pursuit of the flying Comanche in a wagon drawn
by mules? . .
Most of the reports of the Secretary of War show that the troops
employed in Texas were the regiments, or parts of the regiments,
of the first and eighth infantry, the fourth artillery, and the second
dragoons. Companies of the fifth and seventh infantry served for
a shorter time.12 The first infantry regiment remained in Texas
from January, 1850, until secession. The eighth regiment pre-
ceded the first by a year, and also remained until secession. Com-
panies of the fourth artillery served in Texas off and on during
the period under consideration.13 The most interesting and effi-
cient Federal troops serving in Texas were the second dragoons.
The dragoons were simply cavalry, which term was adopted by
act of August 3, 1861. The second regiment of dragoons obtained
its first experience in Indian warfare against the Seminoles in
Florida. With the exception of the period of the Mormon war
of 1857, this regiment, or portions of it, served in Texas from
1848 to 1861.14
The Nature of Their Workl.-The duties of these troops were
humorous, or rather the measures they used to protect the Texans
were so. The Indian agent might call on the Federal troops to
aid him in controlling the Indians. In April, 1851, for example,
on the application of the agent, General Harney issued an order
for a campaign against the Indians. Lieutenant Colonel HIardee
was to take a force of two hundred men of the second dragoons
and go to the Indian country to recover captives and secure offend-
ers, thus enforcing the provisions of the treaty of 1850.15 Indians
who committed depredations were punished by the national troops.
In January, 1855, Assistant Adjutant General D. C. Buell wrote
to Captain W. J. Newton at Fort Chadbourne that he was to search
out and attack all parties of Indians to which depredations could
"Winkler, in Johnson-Barker, Texas and Tewans, I, 511.
231st Cong., 1st Sess., Senate Doc. No. 1, pp. 182-183; 32nd Cong., let
Sess., Senate Doc. No. 1, pp. 200-201; 32nd Cong., 2nd Sess., Senate Doe.
No. 1, pp. 58-59.
13Rodenbough and Haskin, The Army of the United States, 405-406,
14Ibid., 153, 175-177.
"Order No. 31, April 20, 1851, Photostat, University of Texas.
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Texas State Historical Association. The Southwestern Historical Quarterly, Volume 29, July 1925 - April, 1926, periodical, 1926; Austin, Texas. (texashistory.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metapth117141/m1/29/: accessed September 24, 2017), University of North Texas Libraries, The Portal to Texas History, texashistory.unt.edu; crediting Texas State Historical Association.