The Southwestern Historical Quarterly, Volume 29, July 1925 - April, 1926 Page: 22
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Southwestern Historical Quarterly
be traced.16 When the Indians committed thefts, the troops were
sent to recover the property. On one occasion some citizens re-
ported to Major Steen of the second dragoons stationed at Fort
Belknap, that they had seen in the Comanche camp some horses
which they had lost. Major Steen with a detachment of troops
went to the camp and upon stating the case to Sanasco and
Katemsie, the two chiefs gave them up.1 These campaigns were,
of course, conducted against the hostile Indians, and often they
were quite extensive. Agent Hill wrote Neighbors February 11,
1855, that he had just returned from the camp of Captain Cal-
houn near Phantom Hill, and said Captain Calhoun was on the
point of leaving with a force of three hundred men for Red River
to chastise thoroughly all the Comanches, Northern and Southern.
He intended to operate to the north and west of Wichita moun-
tains."s Another duty performed by some companies was that of
protecting the Indians on the reservations from wild Indians.9
This, as well as other work of the Federal troops, will be discussed
in the next chapter.
The Federal Military Force in Texas After 1849.-The incur-
sions of large numbers of hostile Indians in 1849 caused a demand
for reinforcements of the little force of three hundred troops then
in Texas. The War Department accordingly increased the num-
ber of companies from twenty-eight to forty-two, which brought
the number of troops up to 1867. These forty-two companies con-
sisted of six companies of dragoons, four of artillery, and thirty-
two of infantry.20 This was the report for 1851. The next year
the force was raised to forty-eight companies. The total number
of men "present and absent" was 3016, but the actual number avail-
able was 2455. There were then two companies of the fourth
artillery regiment, six of the second dragoons, eight companies of
mounted riflemen, and thirty-two companies of infantry, ten com-
panies each of the first, fifth, and eighth, and two of the seventh
regiments.21 This shows that between two-thirds and three-
1Buell to Newton, January 30, 1855, Photostat, University of Texas.
"Steen to Buell, January 10, 1855, Photostat, University of Texas.
"Hill to Neighbors, February 11, 1855, Photostat, University of Texas.
"34th Cong., 3rd Sess., Senate Doc. No. 5, p. 725.
2032nd Cong., 1st Sess., Senate Doc. No. 1, pp. 200-201.
2132nd Cong., 2nd Sess., Senate Doc. No. 1, pp. 58-59.
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Texas State Historical Association. The Southwestern Historical Quarterly, Volume 29, July 1925 - April, 1926, periodical, 1926; Austin, Texas. (texashistory.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metapth117141/m1/30/: accessed June 27, 2017), University of North Texas Libraries, The Portal to Texas History, texashistory.unt.edu; crediting Texas State Historical Association.