The Southwestern Historical Quarterly, Volume 29, July 1925 - April, 1926 Page: 24
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Southwestern Historical Quarterly
frontier. This act of December 21, 1838, was followed by one a
few days later authorizing an increase of the force by another
regiment of four hundred and seventy-two men who were to serve
six months. On January 26, 1839, a hundred and twelve more
rangers were added to the force. Bancroft calls these volunteers
of the Republic the original rangers.27 General W. H. King, who
wrote the "History of the Texas Rangers" for the Comprehensive
History of Texas, enumerates the essential qualifications of the
ranger as "intrepid skill in horsemanship, unerring aim with pistol
and carbine, celerity in movement, coolness in danger, and reck-
less daring in action."28 Some of the most noted rangers who
served during the era of the republic and continued in the service
of the state were: Jack Hays, John S. Ford, Shapley P. Ross,
Lawrence Sullivan Ross, Sam HIighsmith, Henry S. Brown, Ed-
ward Burleson, Ben and Henry E. McCulloch, Sam Walker, Memu-
can Hunt, H. Mike Chevallie, Tom Green, and James H. Calla-
han.29 Information concerning the rangers, says Wooten, is scarce
owing to the destruction by fire of most of the original reports and
documents. The office of the Adjutant General of Texas burned
with all it contained in the winter of 1853-1854; and in November,
1881, the state capitol burned and a mass of military material was
lost. This greatly restricts the authoritative ranger papers relat-
ing to the period from 1835 to 1881.30
The Nature of Their Worl.-The nature of the ranger's work
was not very different from that of the Federal soldier, but Mr.
W. P. Webb, in an article on Indian affairs in Texas made the
statement that the ranger was an Indian exterminator while the
Federal soldier was only a guard.31 General George Brooke was
obviously of the same opinion, for he wrote to Major General
Jones August 31, 1849, when mounted troops were so badly needed,
that he objected to placing rangers in immediate contact with
Indians on the frontier because of their "general and natural
hostility to the Indians." He feared they would bring about a
"Bancroft, The North Mexican States and Texas, II, 317.
"8Wooten (Ed.), A Comprehensive History of Texas, II, 329.
2"Ibid., 329, 336-337.
"Ibid., pp. 335-336.
"TIE SOUTHWESTERN HISTORICAL QUARTERLY, XXV, 172-173.
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Texas State Historical Association. The Southwestern Historical Quarterly, Volume 29, July 1925 - April, 1926, periodical, 1926; Austin, Texas. (texashistory.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metapth117141/m1/32/: accessed July 24, 2017), University of North Texas Libraries, The Portal to Texas History, texashistory.unt.edu; crediting Texas State Historical Association.