The Southwestern Historical Quarterly, Volume 29, July 1925 - April, 1926 Page: 29
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The Federal Indian Policy in Texas, 1845-1860
captain of the Brenham company, were stationed at Fort Chad-
According to the Gazette of March 10, 1855, General Smith
had given orders for the re-enlistment of the companies commanded
by Captains Walker, Travis, and Henry. All other volunteer com-
panies were to be discharged."s During the summer of 1855 Gov-
ernor Pease received many petitions from citizens of the Southwest
for aid against the Indians. Citizens of San Antonio wrote July
12, asking the Governor to give them protection, since the General
Government had refused it. The frontier from the Blanco to the
Nueces needed protection.59 On September 1 a committee of San
Antonio citizens again wrote Governor Pease for aid, saying that
they had made many appeals to the General Government, but that
their statements were not believed and their motives in asking
for help had been misinterpreted. A large part of the Federal
force had been removed from the state, and the whole country be-
tween the Guadalupe and Rio Grande was in danger, they said.60
Citizens of Comal county, and of Goliad also wrote the Governor,
asking him to take measures for their protection."'
The Federal Government had moved a large part of the mounted
troops from the Texas frontier to Kansas, in the summer of 1855,
during the civil strife, and the Indians had renewed their depre-
dations. The Governor accordingly called out a company of rang-
ers in September, and commissioned J. I-I. Callahan as captain."2
The writer has been unable to find any account of the organi-
zation of ranger companies for 1856 and 1857. But Governor
Runnels, in a letter to the Texas Senate, January 22, 1858, stated
that there were four companies of rangers on the frontier, three
of which were composed of twenty men each, and one of thirty
men. One company was stationed at the head of the Guadalupe
River, one on the Colorado, and two on the Brazos. This force
"Ibid., January 6, 1855.
"Ibid., March 10, 1855.
"San Antonio citizens to Governor Pease, July 12, 1855, Indian Affairs,
1845-1860, Texas State Library.
"Ibid., September 1, 1855, Indian Affairs, 1845-1860, Texas State Li-
"Citizens of Comal County to Governor Pease, September 13, 1855, In-
dian Affairs, 1845-1860, Texas State Library; Citizens of Goliad to Gov-
ernor Pease, September 13, 1855, Indian Affairs, 1845-1860, Texas State
"Winkler, in Johnson-Barker, Texas and Texans, I, 512.
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Texas State Historical Association. The Southwestern Historical Quarterly, Volume 29, July 1925 - April, 1926, periodical, 1926; Austin, Texas. (texashistory.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metapth117141/m1/37/: accessed August 22, 2017), University of North Texas Libraries, The Portal to Texas History, texashistory.unt.edu; crediting Texas State Historical Association.