The Southwestern Historical Quarterly, Volume 29, July 1925 - April, 1926 Page: 33
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The Federal Indian Policy in Texas, 1845-1860
Another interesting campaign was that conducted by Captain
John S. Ford in April, 1858. He and a hundred rangers left
Austin for the Panhandle to chastise hostile Comanches. At the
Brazos River Captain S. P. Ross, the Indian agent, joined them
with a force of one hundred friendly Indians as allies, Tonkawas,
Caddoes, Wacoes, and Anadarkoes, each band with its chief. Ford
attacked the camp of the Comanche chief Pro-he-bito Quash-a, or
Iron Jacket, and a fierce battle ensued. The Comanches retreated,
but fought at every favorable place. The Texans and their Indian
allies pursued them, and the battle continued from sunrise until
noon. Then a fresh force of Indians appeared and the rangers
attacked them. Lieutenant Nelson conducted a double movement,
one on the front and another on the left flank, so that the Comanche
line was broken. Then a running fight followed for some three
or four miles, which resulted in a victory for the Texans and their
allies. The Texans killed seventy-six Comanches, but did not
know how many were wounded. They captured four hundred
horses and much property and took several prisoners, among them
was Noh-fo, the son of Iron Jacket. Ford's loss was one ranger
killed and one Waco killed and seven wounded. On the same day,
the rangers had two fights with Buffalo Hump and his band, who
were on the Canadian River. At the close of the day the rangers
returned to their camp on the False Washita, where they had left
only six men to guard supplies.73
3. Indians in the Military Service
Indians with the Federal Troops.-Throughout the early state
era, there were Indians who served in both Federal and state mili-
tary organizations. In 1846 there was a company of thirty-five
Indians under command of Captain Blackbeaver. They were mus-
tered into service June 1, and were discharged in August, though
their time did not expire until December. The reports do not
show what the nature of their work was.74 George Howard, in
making his report to Major Neighbors, September 15, 1854, said
that Indians had rendered good service to the United States
troops on the frontier in the capacity of trailers and spies.75
73Brown, A History of Texas, II, 375-376.
431st Cong., 1st Sess., House Doc. No. 24, p. 22g.
"'33rd Cong., 2nd Sess., House Doc. No. 1, p. 371.
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Texas State Historical Association. The Southwestern Historical Quarterly, Volume 29, July 1925 - April, 1926, periodical, 1926; Austin, Texas. (texashistory.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metapth117141/m1/41/: accessed August 18, 2017), University of North Texas Libraries, The Portal to Texas History, texashistory.unt.edu; crediting Texas State Historical Association.