The Southwestern Historical Quarterly, Volume 29, July 1925 - April, 1926 Page: 34
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Southwestern Historical Quarterly
The continual depredations of the Comanches and Kiowas in
the summer and fall of 1858 culminated in open war between the
Federal troops and the Indians. Major Van Dorn of the United
States cavalry was in charge of this expedition sent to chastise
these Indians.76 L. S. Ross of the ranger service had instructions
to co-operate with Van Dorn. He organized a force of one hun-
dred and thirty-five warriors of the friendly tribes on the Brazos,
each group under a captain of its own tribe, all of whom were
under his command.77 This expedition encountered the Comanches
on October 1, at their camp on the False Washita in Indian Ter-
ritory. After a desperate fight the Indians were repulsed. The
Comanches had ninety killed and the Americans five, and Ross
and Van Dorn were both wounded.7" Neighbors reported to Mix,
Indian Commission, on September 1, 1858, that General Twiggs
had requested a small company of Indians from the Brazos to act
as spies for the Federal troops whom he had ordered into the
Indian country shortly before.79
Indians in the Ranger Service.-The Indians were also of great
service to the state troops. S. P. Ross reported to Major Neigh-
bors, October 7, 1855, that the thirteen scouts, twelve Delawares
and one Caddo, who had been sent to recover horses stolen by the
Comanches had had a conflict with them and defeated them. They
brought news of the Comanches' determination to make war on all
the people south of Red River. The Delawares said that with two
hundred Texans they, the Delawares, could whip all the Northern
Indians.s0 The letter of J. R. Baylor, the other agent, to Neigh-
bors, tells of the recovery of the property by the Delawares. Baylor
said the Indian troops under the command of white officers were
the best protection to the whites.81 S. P. Ross wrote Neighbors
September 6, 1858, that one hundred Indians of the Brazos tribes
went out on a scout with Captain William Marlin of the ranger
7"35th Cong., 2nd Sess., Senate Doc. No. 1, p. 5.
7735th Cong., 2nd Sess., House Doc. No. 2, p. 534.
"Clark, "A Chapter in the History of Young Territory," in Texas State
Historical Association Quarterly, IX, 56.
7"35th Cong., 2nd Sess., House Doc. No. 2, p. 526.
s'Ross to Neighbors, October 7, 1855, Indian Affairs, 1845-1860, Texas
"Baylor to Neighbors, October 7, 1855, Indian Affairs, 1845-1860, Texas
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Texas State Historical Association. The Southwestern Historical Quarterly, Volume 29, July 1925 - April, 1926, periodical, 1926; Austin, Texas. (texashistory.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metapth117141/m1/42/: accessed June 26, 2017), University of North Texas Libraries, The Portal to Texas History, texashistory.unt.edu; crediting Texas State Historical Association.