The Southwestern Historical Quarterly, Volume 29, July 1925 - April, 1926 Page: 42
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Southwestern Historical Quarterly
and the inhabitants appear to be industrious and enterprising-
There is at this time about two hundred U S troops stationed
midway5 between the Mormon settlement and Fredericksburg. We
here learned of the death of Genl. Worth.
Fredericksburg contains a population of about two thousand
entirely dutch," the inhabitants seem to be healthy and industrious
and of the lower orders. There are several stores in the place
but badly supplied-hense high prices- Whilst here I attended
two Balls and enjoyed them much, there was no great display of
beauty or fashion but some good looking girls- the ceremony of
introducing is here dispensed with and the Custom is to dance and
treat and treat and dance with whom you please. On the 13th
a meeting was called, and a Company Regularly Organised, num-
bering in all thirty men-7 the following persons being chosen
officers- Thos. Smith Capt-Lew B. Harris 1st Lut. Lafayett
Black 2nd-W. H. Moon, President-C. C. Cox secretary- Sub-
sequently we were joined by twenty five men and the company now
musters fifty five-Having ten waggons and about twenty-five pack
17th. Called the roll, packed up, and marched out of camp in
common time- Waggons in front and packs in the rear, our road
passing over a very broken rocky country, affording an abundance
of water, but little wood or grass-travled fifteen miles and en-
camped in a Musquite bottom. Course from Fredericksburg north.
18th. Encamped upon the River Llano about sunset making
the distance from Fredericksburg thirty five miles- Course North
west. the last twenty miles passing through a valley which for
good land cannot be exceled, Post Oak, Live Oak, and Musquite
'Camp Chadbourn, later called Fort Martin Scott. See unsigned letter
from Camp Chadbourn, April 30, 1849, in Western Texian (San Antonio),
May 3, 1849, and Bartlett's Narrative, I, 59. This last outpost on the
frontier was at this time under the command of Colonel Montgomery, who
seems to have been very successful in preventing friction between the
Indians and the emigrants.
'Bartlett described Fredericksburg as a town of five hundred popula-
tion in 1850. Bartlett's Narrative, I, 60.
'Very few ventured beyond Fredericksburg without joining some organ-
ization. Generally the companies organized in the home community fared
better than those organized on the frontier, because they were better pre-
pared, better organized and frequently had better captains. A captain's
duties were to select camp, detail guards, order the time of starting, etc.
A good captain had to know signs of water, signs of Indians, signs of
storms, in fact had to be accustomed to prairie travel. Also, he had to
be tactful in handling men. There were few good captains.
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Texas State Historical Association. The Southwestern Historical Quarterly, Volume 29, July 1925 - April, 1926, periodical, 1926; Austin, Texas. (texashistory.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metapth117141/m1/50/: accessed February 25, 2018), University of North Texas Libraries, The Portal to Texas History, texashistory.unt.edu; crediting Texas State Historical Association.