The Southwestern Historical Quarterly, Volume 30, July 1926 - April, 1927 Page: 161
VoL. XXX JANUARY, 1927 No. 3
The publication committee and the editors disclaim responsibility for views expressed by
contributors to THE QUARTERLY
THE GREENBACK PARTY IN TEXAS
ROSCOE C. MARTIN
UNIVERSITY OF TEXAS
Those familiar with the history of the so-called Agrarian
Crusade will remember that the movement for economic inde-
pendence among the farmers was inaugurated with the forma-
tion of the order known as the Patrons of Husbandry, or more
familiarly, the Grange, which was organized by a group of govern-
iment employees in Washington in 1867. The Grange reached
Texas in 1873 with the organization of the State Grange, whose
early growth presaged a period of prosperity for the order in
this state. In truth, the Grange flourished in Texas until 1877-78,
and it operated more or less actively until the end of the century;
but it was never able to exercise any considerable influence over
the politics of the state after the early eighties, and it was even
then in a state of decadence. It is also apparent to the student
of the movement that whatever influence the Grange may have
had in the political world came as a result of sheer numerical
strength, and not from actual participation in the politics of the
state; for except for the candidacy of the Worthy Master of the
order in the Democratic State Convention of 1878, no granger
was ever mentioned for a state office. The Grange was of vast
political influence, as has been pointed out,' but its importance
arose from indirect rather than direct participation in politics.
'See the author's "The Grange as a Political Factor in Texas," in The
Southwestern Political and Social Science Quarterly, March, 1926.
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Texas State Historical Association. The Southwestern Historical Quarterly, Volume 30, July 1926 - April, 1927, periodical, 1926; Austin, Texas. (texashistory.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metapth117142/m1/181/ocr/: accessed October 23, 2016), University of North Texas Libraries, The Portal to Texas History, texashistory.unt.edu; crediting Texas State Historical Association.