The Southwestern Historical Quarterly, Volume 30, July 1926 - April, 1927 Page: 218
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Southwestern Historical Quarterly
Some of them present the trinkets they own, others lend them.
Among them there is no exchange, save by bartering. It seems
that everything they own they do not hold as personal property
but as common property. Therefore, there is no ambition, no
envy to prevent peace and harmony among them.
They are timid by nature; and, therefore, they have great re-
spect for the grand xinesi, for the caddices, and for the leading
men. If the caddi wants to do anything, he calls the old men
together, listens to each of their views, and then decides to do
what he thinks best, explaining his views to some of the men
and urging agreement. So all go away satisfied and of the same
opinion. In these meetings it is not considered polite when one
is speaking for the others to talk. Instead they all listen, only
giving signs to indicate that they are listening attentively. When
one speaker stops, another begins. In this manner each speaks
in order, according to his age. This deference to age is observed
not only in talking but in sitting down, and in all other courtesies
that Christians are accustomed to observe. There is another cus-
tom followed in these meetings. No one is allowed to enter the
room where the councillors are assembled. If something comes
up, some one appears at the door, and by signs makes known his
desire. Whereupon the matter is soon decided. The old men
severely reprimand the young men if they seat themselves or talk
in their presence. It has happened on various occasions when I
was sitting and talking with old men, and young men wanted to
mingle with us, that the old men not only censured this action
but, with their own hands, struck the offenders. The respect and
obedience they show the grand xinesi is remarkable. Everybody
tries to keep him satisfied by giving him something of everything
he has and by going out to hunt something for him to feast upon.
Finally, in controlling them he has only to say, "I want this or
that done." All obey because they fear his frown. They agree
that his proposition is very reasonable, and that it will be best that
nothing except what he says should be done.
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Texas State Historical Association. The Southwestern Historical Quarterly, Volume 30, July 1926 - April, 1927, periodical, 1926; Austin, Texas. (texashistory.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metapth117142/m1/238/: accessed June 25, 2017), University of North Texas Libraries, The Portal to Texas History, texashistory.unt.edu; crediting Texas State Historical Association.