The Southwestern Historical Quarterly, Volume 30, July 1926 - April, 1927 Page: 283
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Descriptions of Tejas or Asinai Indians, 1691-1722 283
DESCRIPTIONS OF THE TE'JAS OR ASINAI INDIANS,
TRANSLATED FROM THE SPANISH
MATTIE AUSTIN HATCHER
The punishments they use and inflict upon the delinquents
consist of whippings, according to the crimes. For murder, they
give the criminal so many licks that he rarely recovers his
senses. If he has shot someone with an arrow, or if he has com-
mitted a personal offense, dealing, perhaps, a mortal blow to the
caddi or to one of the family of this official-such as his father,
mother, sons, or relatives, he receives the death sentence. I have
not seen the punishment myself, but it is such a common thing
among them that even the children know about it. If a person
shoot another with an arrow or does something else like it, one
can be sure that the punishment will be inflicted and that it will
result as described above.
The custom they follow when a man takes a wife is not very
commendable. In some ways the arrangement seems a good one;
but I have found that it is not very binding. If a man wants a
certain woman for his wife who he knows is a maiden, he takes
her some of the very best things he has; and if her father and
mother give their permission for her to receive the gift, the an-,
swer is that they consent to the marriage. But they do not
allow him to take her away with him until they have first given
notice to the caddi. If the woman is not a maiden, there is
no other agreement necessary than for the man to say to the
woman that if she is willing to be his friend he will give her
something. Sometimes this agreement is made for only a few
days. At other times they declare the arrangement binding
forever. There are but few of them who keep their word, be-
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Texas State Historical Association. The Southwestern Historical Quarterly, Volume 30, July 1926 - April, 1927, periodical, 1926; Austin, Texas. (texashistory.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metapth117142/m1/309/?rotate=90: accessed May 28, 2017), University of North Texas Libraries, The Portal to Texas History, texashistory.unt.edu; crediting Texas State Historical Association.