The Southwestern Historical Quarterly, Volume 38, July 1934 - April, 1935 Page: 148
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Southwestern Historical Quarterly
dition of his men and pack animals necessitated the abandonment
of this project. The return, therefore, was along the El Paso
Road. On August 15 the expedition was back at Camp Hudson,42
In the decade preceding the Civil War the federal government
had completed its program of exploration across west Texas. Its
officers and engineers, by their inspections and reconnaissances for
shorter and better routes, surveys for eligible sites for military
posts, and visits to the Indian tribes, had explored and mapped
the least known portions of the state. Accurate knowledge about
river, mountain, cafion, and prairie was now made available. The
prospective gold seeker, the land-hungry pioneer, the profit-seeking
merchant, or the adventurous soldier could now travel to his re-
spective destination with greater ease and safety. West Texas
was no longer a terra incognita.
"ZIn order to facilitate the operations against the Indians and Mexican
marauders in the "Big Bend" sector, a military road was constructed by
federal troops in 1880. Starting from the mouth of the Devil's River, it
ran toward the mouth of the Pecos. Crossing at that point it extended
westward to the base of the Chenati Mountains, with a deviation at Pifia,
Colorado, and to Fort Davis. This road shortened the distance from San
Antonio to Fort Davis by about 300 miles. Ibid., p. 15; Carl C. Rister,
The Southwestern Frontier, 1865-1881 (Cleveland, 1928), 203-204.
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Texas State Historical Association. The Southwestern Historical Quarterly, Volume 38, July 1934 - April, 1935, periodical, 1935; Austin, Texas. (texashistory.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metapth117143/m1/161/: accessed May 27, 2017), University of North Texas Libraries, The Portal to Texas History, texashistory.unt.edu; crediting Texas State Historical Association.