The Southwestern Historical Quarterly, Volume 38, July 1934 - April, 1935 Page: 41
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Radical Disfranchisement in Texas, 1867-70
some of the chief civil officers of this State. I deem this step
absolutely necessary in order that the . . bills may be
fairly and impartially carried into effect. I cannot find an
officer holding position under the State laws whose antecedants
will justify me in imposing trust in him in assisting in regis-
Again and again have I called the notice of the Governor to
outrages and murders perpetrated on loyal men, white and black,
and I have yet to ascertain a single instance in which the
offender has been punished. I advise his immediate removal;
he is not the only person disqualified by the Military bill from
holding office, but also, the Lt. Governor G. W. Jones, and in
fact all the officers of the State Government are disloyal.
They will submit to the laws because they cannot do other-
wise, although they think them unjust and oppressive; but the
laws ought to be executed in spirit; then the organization will
be achieved in accordance with the National intention.2
Sheridan sent the request on to Grant with his approval, adding
that he might have to remove the Governor of Louisiana who "is
impeding me as much as he can," but "it is my intention to
make but few removals."3 Grant advised no dismissals as yet,
for doubt existed as to the power, under the laws.4
Before Grant had found the authority needed, Griffin was in
another complication over his famous Jury Order in Circular 13,
issued April 27, 1867.6 Since persons disqualified by law were
serving in the juries, he ordered that all jurors must take the
iron-clad oath, of July 2, 1862. At once there was universal pro-
test from conservatives all over the country, for, since few whites
could qualify, the order would Africanize the courts. Such a
'March 28, 1867, copy in Johnson Papers, CXI, 14946-7; original in
"Letters Sent. Civil Bureau F[ifth] M[ilitary] D[istrict] Vol. I,"
LIII, 1. The records of the five districts are housed in the Munitions
Building at Washington, under the immediate control of the Adjutant
General of the Army. This volume has considerable information regard-
ing the appointment of registrars, the taking of oath, registration, and
accounts and vouchers for registration expenses, in Texas from March
28, 1867, to May 27, 1869.
'Cipher telegram, April 2, 1867, in Johnson Papers, CXT, 14972; also
in Stanton Papers, XXXII, 56367, and Annual Cyclopcedia, 1867, p. 458.
'Grant to Sheridan, April 3, 1867, in Stanton Papers, XXXII, 56371.
"Copy in Johnson Papers, CXII, 15228; discussed and condemned,
Ramsdell, Reconstruction in Texas, pp. 155-7.
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Texas State Historical Association. The Southwestern Historical Quarterly, Volume 38, July 1934 - April, 1935, periodical, 1935; Austin, Texas. (texashistory.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metapth117143/m1/49/: accessed May 24, 2017), University of North Texas Libraries, The Portal to Texas History, texashistory.unt.edu; crediting Texas State Historical Association.