The Southwestern Historical Quarterly, Volume 38, July 1934 - April, 1935 Page: 82
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Southwestern Historical Quarerl y
had gone to live among the Indians on the Colorado." Among this
savage race of people, Milam and Burnet formed a close friendship.
They ate together and slept under the same blankets; and while
Milam engaged in trading goods to the Indians in exchange for
horses and furs, Burnet engaged in regaining his health. "
In 1819 Ben Milam returned to New Orleans, and here again
occurs a gap in the records of his life.14
MILAM AND THE JAMES LONG EXPEDITION
In 1819 James Long led the last filibustering expedition into
Texas; from about that time, Anglo-Americans began to immigrate
into Texas rapidly. "As early as 1785," says Amelia Williams, in
her Siege and Fall of the Alamo, "we find the cross-boundary horse
trader, Philip Nolan, in Texas where he was killed in 1801. He
was followed by a group of adventurers whom Spain was ever on
the alert to circumvent. Then came the more dangerous lot, such
men as Aaron Burr, Magee, and finally Long."' The province of
Texas, by 1819, had practically relapsed into a state of nature, due
to the revolution in Mexico, which had been in existence since
September 16, 1810, when Father Hidalgo raised the cry "viva
nuestra Seffora de Guadalupe; viva la independencia!" In 1819
the revolutionary movement was at its lowest ebb. The viceroy,
Apodaca, reported to the King of Spain that he would not need
reinforcements because he was able to control the situation with
what troops he had at that time.2 There was only one group of
revolutionists in the field at this time. Vicente Guerrero, in the
southeast, still had a few armed followers who figured prominently
'Brown, J. H., Indian Wars and Pioneers of Texas, 128. Dr. Graham
in his letter to Cassidy, in the Milam Papers, records some of Milam's
experiences among the Indians. Milam, he said operated from New Orleans.
Dr. Graham mentions one time that Milam left New Orleans on a trading
venture with five or six pack-mules loaded with goods which he sold to the
Indians. He crossed the Sabine River and traveled six hundred miles
through North Texas. These Indians, he said, "were the most kind
hearted, honest and honorable people he had ever known."
'Williams, Amelia, Siege a/nd Fall of the Alamo (MS.), M. A. Thesis,
University of Texas Library, 2-3.
-Priestley, H. I., The Memicam Nation, 244.
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Texas State Historical Association. The Southwestern Historical Quarterly, Volume 38, July 1934 - April, 1935, periodical, 1935; Austin, Texas. (texashistory.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metapth117143/m1/96/: accessed August 18, 2017), University of North Texas Libraries, The Portal to Texas History, texashistory.unt.edu; crediting Texas State Historical Association.