The Southwestern Historical Quarterly, Volume 69, July 1965 - April, 1966 Page: 29
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Religious and Educational Efforts Among Texas Indians 29
supplying schools and a missionary to the reserve Indians. Neigh-
bors, serving as the agent for all the Indian tribes in Texas, was one
of the best loved friends of the red men and was keenly aware
of their educational and religious needs. Within a period of ten
days following Phillips' letter, Neighbors wrote to George W.
Mix of the Department of Indian Affairs recommending that the
department establish a school for the Indians. He said there was
nothing that would tend to give more permanence to the efforts
in behalf of the Indians of Texas than the introduction of schools
and the teaching of the English language among the children.0
On October 4, 1856, an editorial appeared in the Dallas Herald
stating that at the last session of congress there had been an
appropriation of $5,000 for Indian work, and that a part of it
was to be used for the establishment of a school on the Brazos
Agency.21 No official word for such a school was received by
Neighbors until March, 1857. That month Commissioner George
Manypenny wrote to Neighbors:
You may be authorized to erect a suitable school building at
the Brazos Agency and employ a teacher to instruct the Indian
children. The building should not be extravagant or costly in plan,
and the compensation to the teacher should be a moderate one.
The details of the school arrangement will be left to your judgment.22
By July 15, 1857, a contract had been made with C. L. Carter
for the erection of a school house at the Brazos Agency at a total
cost of $806.22, to be completed by September 15, 1857, at which
time school would open.2a
The bell, signaling the opening of school, rang for the first
time on June 1, 1858. Records do not reveal why school did not
open at an earlier date. Z. E. Coombes, a competent teacher, was
employed to instruct the Indian children at the new school for
an anntial salary of $800.24 The new teacher, recently of Dallas
"oHouse Executive Documents, 34th Cong., Ist Sess. (Serial No. 840), Document
No. 1, p. 501.
" Dallas Herald, October 4, 1856.
"George Manypenny to Robert S. Neighbors, March 19, 1857, United States Office
of Indian Affairs, National Archives (Photocopy, Archives, University of Texas
-"Robert S. Neighbors to George Manypenny, July 15, 1857, ibid.
23Shapley P. Ross to Robert S. Neighbors, June 3o, 1858, ibid.
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Texas State Historical Association. The Southwestern Historical Quarterly, Volume 69, July 1965 - April, 1966, periodical, 1966; Austin, Texas. (https://texashistory.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metapth117144/m1/47/: accessed May 24, 2019), University of North Texas Libraries, The Portal to Texas History, https://texashistory.unt.edu; crediting Texas State Historical Association.