The Southwestern Historical Quarterly, Volume 69, July 1965 - April, 1966 Page: 34
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Southwestern Historical Quarterly
mation it appears that the teacher one hundred years ago grouped
his students for instruction as is done at present.
During April, 1859, the attendance at the school had become
more irregular than at any time from its commencement. Since
the coming of Captain Plummer with his company of soldiers,
however, the scholars had become more regular in attendance.
Coombes believed the school would again prosper, for those stu-
dents in attendance had made favorable progress. He added that
the number enrolled totaled thirty-four with an average daily
attendance of twelve.40 On May 8, 1859, only one week after the
previous report, Coombes stated that the school had continued
to increase and that the scholars were improving. He added that
the Indians had borne the latest outrages with great patience and
fortitude.41 During that week four atlases, eight arithmetic books,
and two pounds of chalk had been issued to the pupils at
the Brazos Agency School.42 That was the last report made by
Coombes, for his service as a teacher at the Brazos Agency ter-
minated on June 30, 1859.43 The Brazos Agency School was no
more, and the Indians were soon to be no official part of Texas.
The influences that led to the establishment of a school by the
government for the Comanche Reserve were the same as those
noted previously for the Brazos Agency. The letter of Phillips
to Neighbors, the visit of Byars to the reservations, and the added
appeal of Neighbors to the government for $5,000 clinched the
certainty of schools for the reserves.
With a school building practically completed at the Brazos
Agency by September 13, 1857, there arose a clamor among the
resident Indians of the Comanche Reserve for a school to educate
their children. Agent Leeper said, "If a school were established,
and a teacher employed who would devote his time and attention
to the teaching and moral training of these people, it would
produce a more beneficial effect than the same amount of ex-
penditure in any other way.""44
O4Z. E. Coombes to Shapley P. Ross, April 30, 1859, United States Office of Indian
Affairs, National Archives (Photocopy, Archives, University of Texas Library).
41Z. E. Coombes to Robert S. Neighbors, May 8, 1859, ibid.
"'Z. E. Coombes to Shapley P. Ross, June 30o, 1859, ibid.
"Report of Shapley P. Ross, June 30, 1859, ibid.
"'Senate Executive Documents, 35th Cong., Ist Sess. (Serial No. 919), Document
No. 1, p. 556.
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Texas State Historical Association. The Southwestern Historical Quarterly, Volume 69, July 1965 - April, 1966, periodical, 1966; Austin, Texas. (https://texashistory.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metapth117144/m1/52/: accessed May 22, 2019), University of North Texas Libraries, The Portal to Texas History, https://texashistory.unt.edu; crediting Texas State Historical Association.