The Southwestern Historical Quarterly, Volume 71, July 1967 - April, 1968 Page: 164
The following text was automatically extracted from the image on this page using optical character recognition software:
Southwestern Historical Quarterly
least one individual living within its boundaries in 1860 owning
over $100oo,ooo in property.'
The majority of wealthy Texans were in their forties and fifties in
years of age. Nine were in their twenties, fifty-one in their thirties, 10o6
in their forties, sixty-six in their fifties, twenty-four in their sixties,
and seven in their seventies. Individual ages ranged from N. H. Able of
Milam, who at twenty years of age was the youngest of the wealthy
Texans, to W. G. L. Foley of Lavaca, who at seventy-nine years of age
was the oldest of the wealthy Texans. Median age for the whole group
was forty-eight years.
Three out of every four wealthy Texans were born in the slavehold-
ing states; 2o7 of the 263 individuals, or 78.7 per cent, listed their
place of birth in the South. Of these 207 wealthy Texans, 116 were from
the upper southern states and ninety-one from the lower southern
states. Thirty-four individuals were born in the northern states and
twenty-two were born in foreign countries. Tennessee, birth place
of thirty-two individuals who held $100oo,ooo or more in total property,
was the leading place of birth for affluent Texans, while Georgia, birth
place of thirty such individuals, was second. North Carolina, South
Carolina, Virginia, Kentucky, and Alabama were the other leading
places of birth for wealthy Texans. New York state, birth place of
sixteen wealthy Texans, was the leading place of birth among non-
southern states. Five of the 263 wealthiest Texans, J. T. Groce, H. E.
Drazer, A. Mims, N. H. Able, and F. B. Sublett, were native born
Texans. In all, some twenty-four states and ten foreign countries were
represented in a list of places of birth for Texas' wealthiest inhabitants.
The majority of wealthy Texans of 186o were farmers or planters by
occupation; 171 individuals, or 65.2 per cent, listed in the census
returns engaged in agricultural pursuits in 1860.' There were forty-one
merchants, fifteen lawyers, and five physicians in the group. Five
individuals were widows with no occupation given, three were listed
'Individual leaders were Brazoria County with 26 individuals having $100oo,ooo or
more in property; Harris and Washington, 18 each; Ft. Bend, 16; Austin, 12; Travis,
i ; Matagorda and Colorado, io each; and Galveston, 9.
'There was a larger percentage (io per cent) of Tennesseans among free Texans
in 186o than any non-native Texas group. Alabama, Georgia, and Mississippi followed
in that order as the birthplace of free non-natives in 186o. U. S. Bureau of the Census,
Eighth Census of the United States: x86o. Population (Washington, 1864), I, 490.
'Unfortunately there appears to have been no consistency by the census enumerators
in distinguishing between "farmers" and "planters." In some cases individuals with
only a few slaves were labeled "planter," and in other instances large slaveholders were
Here’s what’s next.
This issue can be searched. Note: Results may vary based on the legibility of text within the document.
Tools / Downloads
Get a copy of this page or view the extracted text.
Citing and Sharing
Basic information for referencing this web page. We also provide extended guidance on usage rights, references, copying or embedding.
Reference the current page of this Periodical.
Texas State Historical Association. The Southwestern Historical Quarterly, Volume 71, July 1967 - April, 1968, periodical, 1968; Austin, Texas. (texashistory.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metapth117145/m1/196/: accessed August 19, 2017), University of North Texas Libraries, The Portal to Texas History, texashistory.unt.edu; crediting Texas State Historical Association.