The Southwestern Historical Quarterly, Volume 71, July 1967 - April, 1968 Page: 225
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The Round Bale Cotton Controversy
7, 1933, the Texas Railroad Commission in response to Texas carriers
and hinterland cotton interests, who had now reversed their oppo-
sition to a rate differential, issued a circular providing schedules of
carload rates for cotton moving intrastate in Texas. The Interstate
Commerce Commission and the Texas Railroad Commission now
jointly opened up hearings and reviewed the whole rate structure
on cotton movements in the Southwest. At last a long overdue
change was made, carload rates were provided.'"
Anderson, Clayton continued its interest in the round bale system,
and processing in this manner reached its peak for that company in
the depths of the depression, 1932-1933, when it marketed 725,579
bales. After that the decline was rapid. The adoption of technological
improvements by compress companies, continued resistance by farmers,
the failure of southeastern mills to handle this type of bale, and
renewed prejudices by foreign spinners were the principal causes."'
After World War II, interest in the gin standard density square
bales developed. Because of the investment needed to set up such ma-
chinery, however, attention to this method has come primarily from
West Texas, New Mexico, Arizona, and California, areas of relatively
high production and where gins do a considerable volume." Gin
compression may still be a factor in saving the ailing American cotton
l2eTexas Railroad Commission, "Freight Circular No. oog119," August 7, 1933 (Rate
Division, Railroad Commission of Texas, Austin); Cotton from and to Points in the
Southwest and Memphis, Tennessee, 2o8 I.C.C. 679ff.
12rJohn W. Wright, Francis L. Gerdes, and Charles A. Bennett, The Packaging of
American Cotton and Methods for Improvement (Washington, 1945), 23, 25-
s2SThe gin standard density bale, a compromise between the flat gin and high density
bales, has a density of twenty-four pounds per cubic foot. J. D. Campbell and R. C.
Soxman, Baling Cotton at Gins, United States Department of Agriculture, Marketing
Research Report No. 386 (Washington, 1960), ii, 35.
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Texas State Historical Association. The Southwestern Historical Quarterly, Volume 71, July 1967 - April, 1968, periodical, 1968; Austin, Texas. (texashistory.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metapth117145/m1/257/: accessed July 27, 2017), University of North Texas Libraries, The Portal to Texas History, texashistory.unt.edu; crediting Texas State Historical Association.