The Southwestern Historical Quarterly, Volume 71, July 1967 - April, 1968 Page: 311
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led to Don Porfirio's resignation. It was marred by the beginning of a
rift between Orozco and Madero.
Madero's enemies took advantage of the rift, and although Madero
never lost confidence in Orozco's loyalty or ability, Orozco turned
against him. When Zapata rebelled against Madero because of his
failure to initiate land reform, Orozco supported the rebels. In March
of 1912 he openly began organizing the forces opposed to Madero. He
gave as his reason that Madero had subverted the Revolution, yet
those he joined were its true enemies. Villa, who remained loyal to
Madero, put a price on Orozco's head.
When, in 1913, General Victoriano Huerta seized Madero and al-
lowed him to be assassinated, Orozco allied himself with the usurper,
an act that was widely criticized. The strongest indictment came from
Zapata, who refused Orozco's invitation to join Huerta: "You tell me
that the government of Huerta has emanated from the Revolution as
if the defection or disloyalty of the army . .. deserves the designation
which you place on it .... If Madero betrayed the Revolution, you
have done the same. You don't offer liberty to the people-you offer
chains. Huerta represents the defection of the army. You represent the
defection of the Revolution ...."
In January, 1914, Villa defeated Orozco at Ojinaga near the United
States border, but most of the Huertista troops escaped to the United
States. Orozco slipped away to the south, but in July Huerta resigned
and left the country. Orozco remained in the field, and declared him-
self against the new government even before it had stated its policies.
Warfare had become a way of life for him. By September he was
forced to flee to, Texas.
A group of exiles planned to overthrow Carranza's government and
restore Huerta with German funds and encouragement. In 1915
Huerta came to the United States, and in June went to Texas to launch
the revolt. Near the border United States agents arrested Huerta and
Orozco for conspiracy to violate the neutrality laws. Huerta remained
a prisoner until his death, but Orozco escaped. On August 30 he and
four others were shot to death by troops and police officers in the
Big Bend country. The proposed rebellion did not occur.
By his contributions to the overthrow of Diaz, Orozco had made
himself a national hero. By turning against Madero and joining the
reaction, he became a villain. And although Pancho Villa's name has
lately been added to the pantheon of heroes of the Revolution, it does
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Texas State Historical Association. The Southwestern Historical Quarterly, Volume 71, July 1967 - April, 1968, periodical, 1968; Austin, Texas. (texashistory.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metapth117145/m1/343/: accessed November 18, 2017), University of North Texas Libraries, The Portal to Texas History, texashistory.unt.edu; crediting Texas State Historical Association.