The Southwestern Historical Quarterly, Volume 71, July 1967 - April, 1968 Page: 452
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Southwestern Historical Quarterly
life than anything else, including disease and whiskey (which may be
redundant), contributed to them by association with the European.
There is an unabashed warmth about the Indian and the horselore
which accompanies him here in this book. The reader gets entranced
along with the author, and small wonder. Take the account from
Lipan Apache mythology on how the horse was created. The Apache
hero, Killer-of-Enemies, had been the one who formed the first four
horses for himself and the gods in the "world above the clouds."
Finally Killer-of-Enemies decided that Lipan culture had reached
that point where the Lipan deserved horses. He brought these four
steeds out of the clouds and down to earth, faced each one in a dif-
ferent direction-blue to the east, white to the south, yellow to the
west, and black to the north. Thus we got direction and a good work-
ing companion for the Indian at the same time. Satisfied, Killer-of-
Enemies, unlike God, did not rest but went off to his home in Texas'
Guadalupe Mountains. For that reason alone Guadalupe deserves to
be a national park.
This is an exquisite book physically. Ted Degrazia, whose "Los
Ninos" painting was widely cheered as a UNICEF greeting card in
196o, has scattered drawings and paintings throughout the book. In
addition, there are lovely reproductions of paintings by four Indian
artists: Adee Dodge, Andy Tsinajinie, Harrison Begay, and Beatien
Yazz. Songs are scattered throughout the book, all of them evocative
of a mood that haunts. For instance:
The turquoise horse (with me).
From where we start the turquoise horse is seen.
The lightning flashes from the turquoise horse.
The turquoise horse is terrifying. He stands on
the upper circle of the rainbow. The sunbeam is
in his mouth for a bridle. He circles around
all the people of the earth
With their goods.
Today he is on my side.
And I shall win with him.
Or this song, also Navajo:
Before me peaceful,
Behind me peaceful,
Under me peaceful,
Over me peaceful-
Peaceful voice when he neighs.
I am Everlasting and Peaceful.
I stand for my horse.
Here’s what’s next.
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Texas State Historical Association. The Southwestern Historical Quarterly, Volume 71, July 1967 - April, 1968, periodical, 1968; Austin, Texas. (texashistory.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metapth117145/m1/502/: accessed June 26, 2017), University of North Texas Libraries, The Portal to Texas History, texashistory.unt.edu; crediting Texas State Historical Association.