The Southwestern Historical Quarterly, Volume 71, July 1967 - April, 1968 Page: 468

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Southwestern Historical Quarterly

casual observer; he has surveyed his territory by foot, by horseback,
by raft, by car, and even from the air. And he has observed it well.
Generous use of Peter Parnall's drawings throughout the book helps
make it as attractive visually as it is in content. If subsequent volumes
in the series come off as well as this one, McGraw-Hill and editor
Douglas will have contributed memorably to the cause of conservation.
University of Texas at Austin STANLEY A. ARBINGAST
The Biography of Doctor D. R. Wallace. By Doris Dowdell Moore.
Dallas (Timberlawn Foundation, Inc.), 1966. Pp. 182. Bibliog-
raphy, index.
David R. Wallace was a leader in establishing the Dallas State Med-
ical Association and became its elected president in 1872. Through his
work with that Association he helped Texas become the first state to
set up a Board of Examiners to regulate the admission of medical stu-
dents into practice. His friend, Governor Richard Coke, appointed
Wallace to be superintendent of the State Lunatic Asylum in 1874.
Doris D. Moore has traced the distinguished leadership of Wallace
in a field of work, the care of the mentally ill, which was new in
Texas and relatively so nationally. Wallace had no guidelines and al-
most no facilities with which to work. The way he organized the insti-
tution and the way he brought medical services to its patients were
pioneering efforts. On becoming superintendent of the new hospital
at Terrell, Texas, he continued to, institute humane and medical
methods. Formerly such institutions had been largely custodial in
nature.
The author places the medical leadership of Wallace in the context
of the social and political problems of his time. She secured much
personal information about her subject from his granddaughters who
gave her access to his autobiography, his daily journal, his personal
correspondence, and his many official documents. She has produced
a biography which fills a need in any history of psychiatry and mental
health in Texas. In the seven appendices to the book she reproduces
documents of permanent historical value. They include such materials
as the "Procedure for Admitting a Patient in the Austin State Lunatic
Asylum, 1858" and other documents which include classifications of
mental illness as they were conceived in 1877.
Wallace was born on November io, 1825, in Pitt County, North
Carolina, twelve miles from Greenville. His early education was spotty

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Texas State Historical Association. The Southwestern Historical Quarterly, Volume 71, July 1967 - April, 1968, periodical, 1968; Austin, Texas. (texashistory.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metapth117145/m1/518/ocr/: accessed July 30, 2016), University of North Texas Libraries, The Portal to Texas History, texashistory.unt.edu; crediting Texas State Historical Association.