The Southwestern Historical Quarterly, Volume 71, July 1967 - April, 1968 Page: 540
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Exploring the Spanish Southwest
Almost four hundred and fifty years ago Spaniards under the com-
mand of Alonzo Alvarez de Pifieda sailed into the Gulf of Mexico and
mapped much of the coast line. Within a decade remnants of the
Narvaez expedition were cast upon the coast, and in 1532 the last
survivors, Cabeza de Vaca and his companions, started their trek across
Texas, heading westward. With these exploratory ventures the recorded
history of Texas and the Southwest began.
The Coronado, DeSoto-Moscoso, and subsequent expeditions into
Texas and the Southwest found no cities of gold. No magnificent towns
were developed by them. Large numbers of Spaniards did not come
and settle. Nevertheless, the frontiers of empire were pushed far from
the center of power in New Spain, into the northland. Here, on the
"rim of Christiandom," the Spaniards strung a line of missions and
presidios from Los Adaes to the Pacific. From these outposts armored
knights, presidial soldiers, and men in sackcloth explored vast regions,
civilized and christianize Indians, and held back intruders on the fringe
of empire. Until 1821 Texas and the Southwest remained Spanish.
In 1718 Martin de Alarc6n established San Antonio de B6xar Pre-
sidio and, with Father Antonio Olivares, founded Mission San An-
tonio de Valero. From this foundation of presidio and mission the city
of San Antonio evolved and this year celebrates its two hundred and
fiftieth anniversary. In this issue scholars from Cali to Chicago, from
Washington to El Paso have contributed to a thematic development as
a special salute to our Spanish heritage and to the Alamo City.
L. TUFFLY ELLIS
Cover: "Fray Antonio Margil de Jesds, Founder of Mission
San Josd" by unknown artist, circa z7oo. Courtesy of San Jacinto
Museum of History Association.
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Texas State Historical Association. The Southwestern Historical Quarterly, Volume 71, July 1967 - April, 1968, periodical, 1968; Austin, Texas. (texashistory.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metapth117145/m1/540/: accessed October 16, 2017), University of North Texas Libraries, The Portal to Texas History, texashistory.unt.edu; crediting Texas State Historical Association.