The Southwestern Historical Quarterly, Volume 71, July 1967 - April, 1968 Page: 648

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Southwestern Historical Quarterly

with primitive painters and perspective. Aunt Clara makes use of
perspective in part of a picture and then ignores it in another part of
the same picture, as she did in "My Birthplace" (No. 12). I enjoy
her ability to paint here, there, and yon in one picture, as in "Build-
ing the Railroad" (No. 16). Some, however, show a monotony of
many primitive patterns. While others, including "The Night Before
Christmas" (No. 14), "Square Dance" (No. 24), "Standing in the
Need of Prayer" (No. 34), "The Blacksmith Shop" (No. 42), "Texas
Barn Dance" (No. 46), "The Produce Man's Visit" (No. 72), and
"Street Car Waxahachie" (No. 79) are well worked out in pattern
and perspective, which nearly removes them from the category of
primitives.
Color as value does not just happen, and her works are well under-
stood statements, making "Standing in the Need of Prayer" and "Texas
Barn Dance" very sophisticated works.
"Poluxy Creek" (No. 59), "Poluxy Tranquility" (No. 60), and
"Fishing on the Deffau" (No. 61) are landscapes of charm that might
lean toward some well-known French paintings and yet are more
impressionistic than the work of many landscape painters of today,
and illustrate a decided change in technique. "The Harvest" (No.
68) has the charm of an etching, but puzzles this reviewer, too. All
the people face front as if to have their picture taken, thus recalling
Adolph Dehn's harvest scenes in watercolor.
Aunt Clara has a fine understanding of color as value, and the colors
in her paintings must be charming to the eye of the viewer, though
he may not be aware of the reason why. The coming of the train, the
car, the airplane, the burning of "pear" for cattle-all are as interesting
now as then. They are expressed with knowledge, joy, and under-
standing, mixed with stark reality or just plain hard fact.
It is an interesting book.
Austin, Texas ELIZABETH KEEFER BOATRIGHT
The Pioneer in the American Novel 190goo0-1950. By Nicholas J.
Karolides. Norman (University of Oklahoma Press), 1967. Pp.
xii+323. Bibliography, index. $5.95.
Through nine chapters covering such aspects as plots and conflicts,
role and character, moral fiber, and class on the frontier, Nicholas J.
Karolides traces the cultural heritage of America as it is reflected in
a national character. Not only does the twentieth-century novel pre-

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Texas State Historical Association. The Southwestern Historical Quarterly, Volume 71, July 1967 - April, 1968, periodical, 1968; Austin, Texas. (texashistory.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metapth117145/m1/714/ocr/: accessed September 30, 2016), University of North Texas Libraries, The Portal to Texas History, texashistory.unt.edu; crediting Texas State Historical Association.