The Southwestern Historical Quarterly, Volume 72, July 1968 - April, 1969 Page: 369
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General John Pope and the Southern Plains Indians
he had an obligation to see that the Indians were well treated and
instructed in the ways of the white man's world. As a result, he made
criticisms and suggestions; he begged and borrowed to provide them
with food; and he spent nine years writing letters in which he insisted
that the Indians must be fed if they were to be settled and civilized.
He also stressed that humanity alone dictated that they must not be
permitted to starve.
The Indian Bureau had failed to enforce the Peace Policy both
before and after the campaign of 1874-1875. With the exception of
that campaign it had failed to contain the Indians on their reserva-
tions and punish them for their misdeeds. Also, it failed to care for
them when they were on their reserves. As General Sheridan re-
marked in his report of 1877, "The expression so frequently used
'that it is cheaper to feed Indians than fight them,' is a good one; but
my experience shows that the government has been doing both during
the past twenty years."" Federal Indian policy had been indeed in-
effective as General John Pope had insisted.
'"House Executive Documents, 45th Cong., 2nd Sess. (Serial 1794), Document No. 1,
Pt. 2, p. 59-
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Texas State Historical Association. The Southwestern Historical Quarterly, Volume 72, July 1968 - April, 1969, periodical, 1969; Austin, Texas. (texashistory.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metapth117146/m1/203/: accessed January 23, 2018), University of North Texas Libraries, The Portal to Texas History, texashistory.unt.edu; crediting Texas State Historical Association.