The Southwestern Historical Quarterly, Volume 72, July 1968 - April, 1969 Page: 412
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Southwestern Historical Quarterly
was a gambler's paradise. There, between sagebrush and mountain
peak, faro, roulette, and Spanish monte ran endlessly, for in the words
of a Colorado poet,
"It's day all day in the daytime,
And there is no night in Creede."
And there every hand was aces and eights. Lady Luck was young
and gay in spangles and long, black stockings. The impression persists
that the back-East country was clean and pure, where Lady Luck had
become a wrinkled granny, knitting in a rocking chair.
This is rubbish, for Knights of the Royal Flush bet and wagered
and "took" the suckers in every state of the nation, and Lady Luck
everywhere retained her youthfulness and her brashness. Fort Wayne,
Indiana, after the Civil War, was noted as a gambling town, a gather-
ing place for "slickers coming from all directions-New York, Chicago,
Detroit, Cincinnati, St. Louis, Indianapolis, Cleveland, and Canada.""
A Minneapolis editor said in 1872, "All our larger towns are filled
with gambling places, where loaded dice, marked cards, and all the
devices for cheating and robbery are used.""
No gaming establishments in the West were more elaborate than
was the house owned by Richard Canfield from 1894 to 1906 in Sara-
toga Springs, New York. Myriads of less genteel houses, floating crap
games, and hotel-room poker sessions the nation over continued to
attract swarms of suckers, so that the role of Lady Luck and her
henchmen at the turn of the century was little different from what it
was decades earlier. To raise the ante, to caress the bones, to bet on
the spin of the wheel, to put money on the ponies was an established
American way-a fever coursing wildly through the national arteries
for which there was no sure cure. And neither luck nor knowledge
of games of chance could aid a pigeon at play with professional gam-
"6For Fort Wayne as a gambling center, see Bessie K. Roberts, "Crime and Crinoline,"
Indiana Magazine of History, XLI (December, 1945), 388.
"Minneapolis Daily Tribune, June 23, 1872, March 28, 1873, September 2, 1878,
December 6, 1879. See also Winona Daily Republican, November 27, 1860, April 20, 22,
July 11, 1867, October 13, 1868, July 13, 1870; Minnesota v. H. L. Watkins, Hennepin
County Court (Hennepin County Courthouse, Minneapolis), File 556.
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Texas State Historical Association. The Southwestern Historical Quarterly, Volume 72, July 1968 - April, 1969, periodical, 1969; Austin, Texas. (texashistory.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metapth117146/m1/366/: accessed May 26, 2018), University of North Texas Libraries, The Portal to Texas History, texashistory.unt.edu; crediting Texas State Historical Association.