The Southwestern Historical Quarterly, Volume 72, July 1968 - April, 1969 Page: 513
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ity to the best in the series. The author seems to have consulted all
the pertinent authorities and to have been objective in using them.
Some readers may mildly complain that details frequently exceed the
minimum required for illustrative purposes, that the Southeast is em-
phasized at the expense of the Southwest, and that the standards for
inclusion of literary figures were lower than for leaders in business
or in education. The author has included virtually all the important
topics in the annals of the South from 1913 to i945. For developments
in secondary and higher education, however, the reader will probably
prefer John Samuel Ezell, The South Since 1865.
Even many professional southerners will be unprepared to learn
how influential leaders from the region were in the Wilson Congresses,
and how carefully Franklin D. Roosevelt cultivated senior spokesmen
for the South. In turn they generally supported his domestic and for-
eign policies as they had Wilson's.
The share of southern industry in the national output having in-
creased since the 188o's, mounted more rapidly during the Wilson era
because of the war, technical progress in the use of electricity, the
expansion of old facilities, and the appearance of such newcomers as.
the Texas Gulf Sulphur Company. During the Republican interlude
the Southeast, utilizing cheap power and cheap labor, surpassed New
England in cotton textiles without any wholesale migration of either
capital or plants.
By the 1930's the Southeast took the lead also in the manufacture of
tobacco products and carbonated drinks. Meantime, the southern lum-
ber industry forged ahead under the leadership of men like William
L. Bray of Texas, and under such companies as Crossett of Arkansas
and Great Southern of Louisiana. But the Southwest loomed most
significantly in petroleum.
Economic diversification gained momentum early in this century.
The aluminum, chemical, paper, sulphur, and synthetic fiber indus-
tries emerged, though less spectacularly than petroleum. Industrial-
ization led to urbanization, with Oklahoma City, Tulsa, Dallas-Fort
Worth, and Houston setting the pace. By 1930 only New York City
and Philadelphia surpassed Houston in the export trade.
Wilson, his Republican successors, and most progressives assumed
that the race problem had been settled. Labor unions, like primary
elections, were generally for whites only. But the National Association
for the Advancement of Colored People had been organized in 191o
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Texas State Historical Association. The Southwestern Historical Quarterly, Volume 72, July 1968 - April, 1969, periodical, 1969; Austin, Texas. (texashistory.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metapth117146/m1/467/: accessed June 25, 2017), University of North Texas Libraries, The Portal to Texas History, texashistory.unt.edu; crediting Texas State Historical Association.