The Southwestern Historical Quarterly, Volume 72, July 1968 - April, 1969 Page: 35
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Border Troubles in Mexican-United States Relations
the war between our two countries, and the resulting loss of half Mex-
The second subject would deal with setting forth, on the field, of
the official borderline between the two countries. Its study would be-
gin with the boundary decreed in 1836 by the Texas Congress and
ending with the termination of La Amistad Dam. It would be neces-
sary to include in it the negotiations, treaties, and physical works for
the utilization of water from rivers that bear an economic interest for
both nations, such as the Bravo, Colorado, and Tijuana.
The third subject is far from presenting the magnitude and com-
plexity of the other five, but it should have a very great sentimental
attraction for Mexicans. It involves what was represented by the in-
ternational boundary line for Juirez' republican government as an
insurmountable wall on Juarez' retreat from the federal Capital when
pursued by the French imperial and Mexican conservative armies, at
the time advancing northwards from Vera Cruz. Juirez himself had
previously left the country, pursued by his enemies; but aside from
the fact that he returned to Mexico to continue fighting for the liberal
cause, that act took place during a civil dispute and not an interna-
tional war. Such a situation involved the danger that he himself, his
civil counselors, his addicted military chiefs, public opinion, both do-
mestic and foreign, and above all, of course, that of the United States,
interpreted the abandonment of the national territory as the end of
the Republic and as the Empire's victory. It was for this reason that,
from February, 1864, when Juirez and his nomadic government ar-
rived in Monterrey, until December, 1865, when he started his tri-
umphal return from Paso del Norte toward Mexico City, the border
became again a source of concern for the United States and of hope
The fourth subject is the one euphemistically called by the diplo-
mats of that time, the border "appeasement," i.e., the creation in it of
conditions that would check "savage" Indian and cattle thieves' raids,
as well as the flight of common criminal fugitives that used to run
away from the neighboring country, escaping from the action of justice.
The fifth subject probably holds a greater interest for Mexicans,
although North Americans have never been able to ignore it entirely,
taken either as local or federal authorities, or as students of the prob-
lem. This subject consists in the turning of the American tract of land
close to the Mexican border into a nest for subversive or revolutionary
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Texas State Historical Association. The Southwestern Historical Quarterly, Volume 72, July 1968 - April, 1969, periodical, 1969; Austin, Texas. (texashistory.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metapth117146/m1/51/: accessed March 30, 2017), University of North Texas Libraries, The Portal to Texas History, texashistory.unt.edu; crediting Texas State Historical Association.