The Southwestern Historical Quarterly, Volume 73, July 1969 - April, 1970 Page: 156
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Southwestern Historical Quarterly
secure recruits for the Fixed Regiment in Louisiana, Canary Island
families were settled there at royal expense. At the same time and
under similar conditions, smaller numbers of families came from
Granada and Malaga in Spain to promote the growing of flax and
hemp.' In 1784 the Crown accepted the proposal of Henry Peyroux
to transport to Louisiana the Acadian families then living in France;
and this was accomplished in 1785 at an excessive cost."
It was the prohibitive cost of conveying families from across the
Atlantic and their failures to become self-sufficient within a short
period of time that terminated projects of this kind. Spain lacked the
financial resources to underwrite the acquisition of colonists in
Europe, and to have attempted it en masse would have meant bank-
ruptcy long before the Louisiana "desert" was populated. Colonial
officials continued to regard an augmented population as the best
defense for the province, but, after the era of trans-Atlantic move-
ments, settlers needed to come from another and less expensive
Further changes in immigration policy came during the governor-
ship of Esteban Mir6. In 1782, in the absence of Governor Bernardo
de Gilvez, Mir6, senior ranking officer in Louisiana, became the
acting military and civil governor. As such, he assumed the task of
implementing the provisions of the peace treaty which ended the
state of war between Spain and Britain. Under the terms of the
Treaty of Paris, British residents in West Florida were given eighteen
months in which to terminate their affairs and depart. In 1784 several
British ships entered the Mississippi River in order to effect the re-
moval of the British subjects. However, not all chose to leave.' After
de la Luisiana" (n.d.), ibid., leg. 174B; John Walton Caughey, Bernardo de Gdlvez in
Louisiana, 1776-783 (Berkeley, 1934), 69.
'Andrds de Tortosa to Bernardo de GAlvez, February 17, 1779, AGI, PC, leg. 119;
Martin Navarro to Jost de GAlvez, March 24, 1778, ibid., leg. 1,232.
Fernando Solano Costa, "La emigraci6n acadiana a la Luisiana espafiola (1783-1785),"
Cuadernos de Historia Jerdnimo Zurita, II (1954), 85-125. A total of 1,598 persons
came from France. Navarro to Jos6 de GAlvez, "Estado que manifiesta los nombres de
los Barcos, ndmero de Familias, y personas Acadianas existentes, desde 29 qe. llego
la 1.'a Expedici6n, hasta el dia de la fecha," December 12, 1785, AGI, PC, leg. 2,36o,
copy attached to Navarro's letter to Jos6 de GAlvez of the same date in AGI, PC, leg. 85.
*For example, Caughey, Bernardo de Gdlvez, 81, states that in 1779, Spain spent
128,568 pesos on immigration costs when only 40,000 had been budgeted. Also see
Charles H. Cunningham (ed.), "Financial Reports Relating to Louisiana, 1766-1788,"
Mississippi Valley Historical Review, VI (December, 1919), 385; and Jack D. L. Holmes,
"Some Economic Problems of Spanish Governors of Louisiana," Hispanic American
Historical Review, XLII (November, 1962), 521-543.
?Alejandro de Cantillo, Tratados, convenios y declaraciones de paz y de commercio
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Texas State Historical Association. The Southwestern Historical Quarterly, Volume 73, July 1969 - April, 1970, periodical, 1970; Austin, Texas. (texashistory.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metapth117147/m1/178/: accessed January 23, 2018), University of North Texas Libraries, The Portal to Texas History, texashistory.unt.edu; crediting Texas State Historical Association.