The Southwestern Historical Quarterly, Volume 73, July 1969 - April, 1970 Page: 212
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Southwestern Historical Quarterly
both World Wars. The twentieth-century immigrants have, almost
without exception, gone to the large urban areas. The general move-
ment of population from rural areas to the cities which has charac-
terized all of the United States for the last fifty years or more also
affected the Texas-German farm population, with the result that the
cities of the German Belt greatly increased their Teutonic element
by drawing upon the adjacent, German-populated rural areas. In
1960 Houston and its suburbs contained no fewer than 43 Lutheran
congregations which could be identified as largely German-American,
and greater San Antonio had 26."1
In spite of the continued growth of the urban German element in
Texas in the twentieth century, there has been a decline in German-
Americans as a percentage of total population in the cities. No longer
do persons of German descent account for one-third of the inhabitants
of San Antonio. In part, this is a result of large-scale migrations to the
urban areas by Anglo-Americans and Negroes, groups which were
much more rural in location than the Germans in the nineteenth
century, but which have since about equalled the German-Americans
in the proportion which live in cities and towns. In addition, many
Latin-American immigrants have come into Texas and settled in urban
Another twentieth-century change has been the scattering of the
urban German population to various parts of the cities and their
suburbs, thus the elimination of the compact "German quarters"
which typified cities like San Antonio in the pre-1900oo era. No longer
can one walk through a city in the German Belt and point out a
definite area where the persons of German descent live.
In conclusion, it can be said that in spite of the fact that antebellum
German migration has attracted far the greater share of scholarly at-
tention, the development of the German element in Texas was in a
large part accomplished after the Civil War. The volume of immigra-
tion after 1865 was greater than that before the war, and larger areas
were settled by Germans.
l1Religious data were compiled from various church handbooks.
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Texas State Historical Association. The Southwestern Historical Quarterly, Volume 73, July 1969 - April, 1970, periodical, 1970; Austin, Texas. (texashistory.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metapth117147/m1/234/: accessed July 23, 2017), University of North Texas Libraries, The Portal to Texas History, texashistory.unt.edu; crediting Texas State Historical Association.