The Southwestern Historical Quarterly, Volume 73, July 1969 - April, 1970 Page: 298

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Southwestern Historical Quarterly

The History of Baylor University, i845-i86r. By Michael A. White.
Waco, Texas: Texian Press, 1968. Pp. xi+ 35. Illustrations, maps,
bibliography, index. $6.95.)
This short work on the early years of Baylor will form the basis
of two future volumes, Baylor University, 1845-1886, and Baylor Uni-
versity, z886-1945. Written as a master's thesis, only 7o of the 135
pages are text. The remainder includes lists of trustees and graduates
during these years and 37 pictorial pages, portraying important men,
places, and documents. But to tell the story of the first sixteen years
of Baylor in 70 pages, the author, of necessity, had to omit a great deal
of background material.
White divides the material into six chapters beginning with the
many problems faced in starting an educational institution in the
early years of Texas. The financial struggles dominated the years from
1845-1851, when the matter of survival was of utmost importance. In
1851 the second president, Rufus Burleson, began his administration.
During his time the male and female departments became for all
practical purposes separate schools. However, under Burleson the
school enjoyed a period of financial prosperity.
In the fourth chapter White treats the feud between Horace Clark,
principal of the female division, and President Burleson. Each man
attempted to strengthen his own department and this led to an open
conflict that threatened to destroy the young school.
The major emphasis in the book is on the Burleson administration
and some 31 pages are spent in dealing with this period. A short
description of the male and female campuses, their buildings and their
locations outside of Independence, Texas, and a brief look into the
curriculum and student life of this time conclude the book.
It is well to remember that this is not a complete history of Baylor.
It covers only the first sixteen years and ends when Burleson, his
faculty, and the senior class moved to Waco. Anyone interested in
the beginnings of Baylor would do well to obtain this readable work.
University Baptist Church, Austin BILL GLOVER
A History of New Mexican-Plains Indian Relations. By Charles L.
Kenner. (Norman: University of Oklahoma Press, 1969. Pp.
ix+250. Illustrations, bibliography, index. $6.95.)
Novels, motion pictures, and historical studies have all dealt with
the comancheros, Spanish and pueblo merchants from New Mexico

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Texas State Historical Association. The Southwestern Historical Quarterly, Volume 73, July 1969 - April, 1970, periodical, 1970; Austin, Texas. (texashistory.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metapth117147/m1/320/ocr/: accessed October 1, 2016), University of North Texas Libraries, The Portal to Texas History, texashistory.unt.edu; crediting Texas State Historical Association.