The Southwestern Historical Quarterly, Volume 77, July 1973 - April, 1974 Page: 283
through the years have reflected the prevailing attitudes of the majority of
non-Indian people toward the American Indian. Before I87O efforts to
educate Indians were made by religious groups who attempted to Chris-
tianize them and to teach them farming, homemaking, and the three R's.
After 1870 the growing role of the federal government was also directed
toward this end. An even more vigorous policy issued in 1889 promised to
"absorb Indians into our national life" and hoped to facilitate this by sep-
arating Indian children from their families and sending them off to board-
ing schools. Since 1930 the emphasis has shifted to tribal self-government
and a growing state and local involvement with Indian education, more re-
cently aided by such federal programs as the Office of Economic Oppor-
tunity and the United States Office of Education.
The narrative analysis in this book leaves much to be desired; the authors'
intellectual perceptions and style of research fail to convey the "human qual-
ity" of education for Indian children. Thus, even though Indian education
is ably scrutinized, the complexities of the presentation do not allow the
reader to break through the cold abstractions and minute statistical data to
grasp the problematic quality of the cultural clash, the institutional chaos,
and the social cleavage inherent in the socialization of the children of a
once-proud minority group.
University of Southern Mississippi PHILIP A. KALISCH
Legislative Messages of the Chief Executives of Texas, 1835-1836. Edited
by Price Daniel and James C. Martin. (Austin: Texas State Library,
1972. Pp. iv+ 149. Illustrations, appendix, index. $4.)
Price Daniel, now a justice of the Supreme Court of Texas after an un-
paralleled career which carried him through attorney generalship, United
States senatorship and governorship, to mention only high spots, has created
an enduring, printed monument to his devotion to his native state by
editing Volume I of Legislative Messages of the Chief Executives of Texas.
First amazed while preparing his own Inaugural Address as governor in
1957 that no such compilation had ever been attempted, he, with the en-
couragement of Professor Robert C. Cotner and State Library Director
Dorman H. Winfrey, has brought into clear print the messages of the har-
assed executives of the "State of Texas" in the nonexistent Federal Republic
of Mexico, 1835, and of the interim president of the Republic, who served
until the first popularly elected regime came to office in October, 1836.
Temptation is strong to rehash the struggles of a handful of isolated men,
in an isolated hamlet, to cope with insuperable problems-and with each
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Texas State Historical Association. The Southwestern Historical Quarterly, Volume 77, July 1973 - April, 1974, periodical, 1973/1974; Austin, Texas. (texashistory.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metapth117148/m1/317/ocr/: accessed September 29, 2016), University of North Texas Libraries, The Portal to Texas History, texashistory.unt.edu; crediting Texas State Historical Association.