The Southwestern Historical Quarterly, Volume 77, July 1973 - April, 1974 Page: 418

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provincial domain. Even this attempt at a definition of caciquismo is
faulty, as several of the contributors to The Caciques convincingly demon-
strate. Charles Gibson's essay on the Indian caciques of colonial Mexico
and Marshall R. Nason's remarks on bosses in Hispanic literature portray
them as essentially the agents of higher authority with little if any inde-
pendent exercise of power. They are a far cry from Eul-Soo Pang's Brazilian
strong men, the corondis (colonels) of the rural north-east, whom he char-
acterizes as absolute, nor do they have much in common with Jilio Cesar
Arana, the blacklands baron who almost succeeded in precipitating a war
between his country and Colombia over the control of the upper Amazon.
Clearly, the task of defining caciquismo, and of fitting its diverse mani-
festations to the definition, is a heroic one. The editor of this anthology,
Robert Kern, has written an excellent introductory essay which makes it
possible for the reader to move from pre-Conquest rural caciquismo to the
modern urban variety, from the fiercely individualistic "colonels" of Brazil
to the corporate "neo-caciquismo" of present-day interest groups, without
losing sight of the historic roots and basic character of Hispanic bossism.
The Caciques may well represent the first attempt to deal with the phe-
nomenon of caciquismo comprehensively, in terms of both time and space.
The book's only serious flaw, from this reviewer's standpoint, is the rela-
tively meager attention given by the contributors to non-Indian caciquismo
in the colonial era.
Southwest Missouri State University DAVID B. ADAMS
Fernando Cortes and the Marquesado in Morelos, 1522-I547. By G. Mi-
chael Riley. (Albuquerque: University of New Mexico Press, 1973-
Pp. I68. Illustrations, notes, maps, tables, appendices, bibliography, in-
dex. $Io.)
The dramatic conquest of the Aztec Confederation by Fernando Cortes
and his lieutenants has been recounted by that incomparable narrator, Ber-
nal Diaz del Castillo, by scholarly treatises, by the popular media, and by
an excellent historical novel, Captain from Castile. In August, 1521, the
Aztecs were indeed defeated and conquered, but the task of imposing the
Spanish colonial state over the surviving Indians remained.
In recent years the institutional and social history of Spain in America
that bridges the three centuries between Conquest and Independence has
drawn the attention of accomplished scholars such as Irving Leonard, Fran-
gois Chevalier, and Silvio Zavala. Professor Riley's work on the Marque-
sado in Morelos, an entailed estate awarded to the conqueror in I529 by

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Texas State Historical Association. The Southwestern Historical Quarterly, Volume 77, July 1973 - April, 1974, periodical, 1973/1974; Austin, Texas. (texashistory.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metapth117148/m1/468/ocr/: accessed December 8, 2016), University of North Texas Libraries, The Portal to Texas History, texashistory.unt.edu; crediting Texas State Historical Association.