The Southwestern Historical Quarterly, Volume 78, July 1974 - April, 1975 Page: 410
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Spindletop, October 6, 1902. Beaumont's economy was
1890 and I900o. The discovery of oil in I901 at Spindletop, a few miles
south of the town, brought a sudden influx of some 50,000 people who
overran all the local facilities and created temporary chaos. Within a few
months after the Lucas gusher blew in, the excitement began to die down
and most of the newcomers departed for other places, leaving Beaumont
with a population of about 20,00o throughout most of the first decade of
the twentieth century.' While its population remained stable after the boom
had passed, Beaumont had an active economy based on oil production and
refining, lumbering, rice growing and milling, and ranching. Capital from
the East was flowing into the city, new rail lines were coming into town,
street-car tracks were being constructed, plans for a deep-water seaport
were being pushed, and new business buildings were being erected. The
city had a group of wealthy men (recently made richer by the oil business)
building mansions and donating money to worthy causes, and it had a
large force of laborers, many of whom had joined unions that were now
3United States Bureau of the Census, Twelfth Census of the United States Taken in
the Year 9goo. Population (Washington, D.C., I901), I, 383.
4Beaumont Journal, September 23, 1904; United States Bureau of the Census, Thir-
teenth Census of the United States Taken in the Year 191o. Population (Washington,
D. C., 1913), III, 786, 854; James A. Clark and Michael T. Halbouty, Spindletop (New
York, 1952), 69-93.
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Texas State Historical Association. The Southwestern Historical Quarterly, Volume 78, July 1974 - April, 1975, periodical, 1974/1975; Austin, Texas. (texashistory.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metapth117149/m1/470/: accessed July 27, 2017), University of North Texas Libraries, The Portal to Texas History, texashistory.unt.edu; crediting Texas State Historical Association.