The Southwestern Historical Quarterly, Volume 78, July 1974 - April, 1975 Page: 432
The following text was automatically extracted from the image on this page using optical character recognition software:
Southwestern Historical Quarterly
Although Hidalgo personally failed in his efforts to free Mexico from
hispanic dominion, the movement continued under other leaders. As the
cause of Mexican independence gained momentum in the interior provinces,
royalist soldiers of the mobile cavalry units began defecting to the insurgent
ranks. So serious was the threat to established authority along the Rio
Grande that the viceregal government responded by dispatching an experi-
enced frontier fighter, Joaquin de Arredondo, to suppress the revolt in
Extinguishing pockets of rebellion in the Sierra Gorda proceeded slow-
ly at first. Then Arredondo, in a bold stroke of strategy, counteracted
the impact of rebel propaganda by pardoning misguided insurrectionists in
the king's name. Although the tide of battle shifted in favor of the royalists,
not every center of resistance capitulated, as indicated by Santos Guzmin
Trevifio's account of an Indian leader at the Camargo mission4 who openly
defied hispanic authority. "Hardly had the pacification of the Sierra been
accomplished," wrote Guzman Treviiio, "when Julian Canales, an Indian
of the Mission of Santa Anna de Camargo, raised his voice in protest of
84-88; F6lix D. Almariz, Jr., Tragic Cavalier: Governor Manuel Salcedo of Texas, I808-
1813 (Austin, 1971), 96; J. Villasana Haggard, "The Counter-Revolution of Bexar,
18i ," Southwestern Historical Quarterly, XLIII (October, 1939), 222.
3Joaquin de Arredondo, a native of Barcelona, Spain, was born in 1768. Of his parents
little is known, except that his father was Nicolas Arredondo. In 1787, at the age of
nineteen, Joaquin enrolled as a cadet in the Royal Spanish Guards. Before the end of
eighteenth century, young Arredondo received an officer's commission and an assignment
to New Spain. In 1807 the viceregal government recognized Don Joaquin's contribution
to military service. Three years later, prior to the outbreak of the Hidalgo revolt,
Arredondo won promotion to colonel and the leadership of an infantry regiment in
Vera Cruz. The following year, Don Joaquin assumed command of royalist forces and
the governor's office in Nuevo Santander. Throughout I812 and I813, the colonel sup-
pressed rebel insurrections. For his efficiency in combatting the independence movement,
the government promoted him to commandant general .of the Eastern Interior Provinces
in 1813. Mexican independence was recognized on July 1, 1821. Soon after, Arredondo
turned over the post of commandant to Gaspar L6pez and left Mexico for Cuba where
he died. Walter Prescott Webb and H. Bailey Carroll (eds.), The Handbook of Texas
(2 vols.; Austin, 1952), I, 71; Santiago Roel, Nuevo Leon: apuntes historicos (Monte-
rrey, 1963), o101-103; Guzman Trevifio, Compendio de historia, 84-88.
4Fray Juan Bautista Garcia Resuarez founded Mission San Agustin de Laredo at
Camargo on March 5, 1749. The Camargo mission is not to be confused with the civil
settlement of San Agustin de Laredo, founded by Don Tomas Sanchez de la Barrera,
which evolved into the present-day city of Laredo, Texas. Ten years after its founding,
the Camargo mission had a congregation of 500 Indians. The nations represented were
the Tareguanos, Pajaritos, Tejones, Cueros Quemados, and Venados. By 1816 the mis-
sion population had decreased to twenty families totalling 69 persons, most of whom
were members of the Carrizo nation. Estado general de las fundaciones hechas por d.
Jose de Escand6n en la colonia del Nuevo Santander, costa del Seno Mexicano: docu-
mentos originales que contienen la inspecci6n de la provincia efectuado por el capitdn de
dragones don Josd Tienda de Cuervo, el informe del mismo al virrey y un apendice con
la relacion hist6rica del Nuevo Santander, por fr. Vicente Santa Maria, Publicaciones del
Archivo General de la Naci6n, Vols. XIV and XV (Mexico City, 1929-1930), XIV,
Here’s what’s next.
This issue can be searched. Note: Results may vary based on the legibility of text within the document.
Tools / Downloads
Get a copy of this page or view the extracted text.
Citing and Sharing
Basic information for referencing this web page. We also provide extended guidance on usage rights, references, copying or embedding.
Reference the current page of this Periodical.
Texas State Historical Association. The Southwestern Historical Quarterly, Volume 78, July 1974 - April, 1975, periodical, 1974/1975; Austin, Texas. (texashistory.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metapth117149/m1/492/: accessed July 21, 2017), University of North Texas Libraries, The Portal to Texas History, texashistory.unt.edu; crediting Texas State Historical Association.