The Southwestern Historical Quarterly, Volume 87, July 1983 - April, 1984 Page: 182
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182 Southwestern Historical Quarterly
did not lose their nationalism in 1861, nor did they cease to define that
nationalism in an American fashion. They refocused that nationalism
on the Confederacy instead of the United States.
When Texas joined an earlier nation of Americans in 1845-1846
they acted with near unanimity and much joy. Far less joy and
unanimity could be found in 186o-i861 when Texans left the United
States for the Confederacy.41 These two instances, however, were more
alike than they seem. They were essentially two faces on the same head
on the same body. For Texas the key to the riddle of secession lay in
the interdependence of secession with all the ideas, values, interests,
and habits connected with the Union.
41From the notes O. M. Roberts made during the secession crisis to the present day the
oddity of Texans crying for admission to the Union in 1845 and rejecting that same Union
in 1861 has captured the imagination. See "Memoirs of John Salmon Ford," V, 949; Led-
better, "Slavery, Fear, and Disunion," 1-3. A convenient comparison of the two events can
be found in Friend, Sam Houston, 157-161, 330-341.
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Texas State Historical Association. The Southwestern Historical Quarterly, Volume 87, July 1983 - April, 1984, periodical, 1983/1984; Austin, Texas. (texashistory.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metapth117150/m1/218/: accessed March 28, 2017), University of North Texas Libraries, The Portal to Texas History, texashistory.unt.edu; crediting Texas State Historical Association.