The Southwestern Historical Quarterly, Volume 87, July 1983 - April, 1984 Page: 344

Southwestern Historical Quarterly

Jos6 Lim6n, and others who were the product of the times that the
authors sought to explain in the 1973 issue. Dissertations were com-
pletely disregarded. Some of these were published immediately after
the compilation of the second edition or will be published soon. Re-
visionist works written since 1973 could easily have replaced some of
the old selections and fulfilled the authors' intents.
If Rosaldo, Calvert, and Seligmann honestly felt that their purpose
was to meet the goals outlined in the first edition, they have success-
fully achieved it. But given the glaring omission of more recent avail-
able sources, this text falls in the category of those books rushed into
print in the late sixties and early seventies to fill the gap in the ne-
glected history of Mexican Americans.
Angelo State University ARNOLDO DE LEON
Juneteenth at Comanche Crossing. By Doris Hollis Pemberton. (Aus-
tin: Eakin Press, 1983. Pp. xiv+332. Introduction, photographs,
maps, appendix, notes, index. $19.95.)
The last two decades have witnessed the publication of a number of
local studies on Afro-Americans. In general, these monographs show
blacks as working consistently for racial justice and attempting to up-
lift themselves through education and hard work. Most of these studies
have been concentrated on the Deep South or the urban North, with
very little being done on blacks in the West, especially the Southwest.
For that reason, Doris Hollis Pemberton's study of black life in East
Texas (primarily in Limestone County) is significant.
Covering almost 250 years of black life in the area, Pemberton shows
clearly that black laborers and skilled craftsmen have made contribu-
tions to the economic growth of the area. Even more important, how-
ever, is the discussion of the black church, which shows that for East
Texas blacks, like blacks elsewhere, the church has been more than
just a religious institution. The church has been a leader in education,
in race relations, and, by conducting Juneteenth celebrations without
interruption for over a hundred years, the church has made sure that
Afro-Americans have not forgotten their past.
Unfortunately, this study has several fundamental weaknesses. For
the most part, the book is poorly organized, with the author jumping
back and forth between topics without any regard for the historical
time-frame. The book has too many anecdotes about elite people that
add nothing to the overall work. In short, Pemberton's study is con-
structed on the model of the "Who's Who" books that were popular


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Texas State Historical Association. The Southwestern Historical Quarterly, Volume 87, July 1983 - April, 1984, periodical, 1983/1984; Austin, Texas. ( accessed July 21, 2017), University of North Texas Libraries, The Portal to Texas History,; crediting Texas State Historical Association.