The Southwestern Historical Quarterly, Volume 87, July 1983 - April, 1984 Page: 36
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Southwestern Historical Quarterly
This ceremony took place across the river from Simeon Hart's mill
and a short distance to the north. It was followed by another formal
ceremony which was held in the plaza of Mesilla on November
16, 1854. Apparently the Mexican residents of Mesilla were now
more willing to accept American jurisdiction than before. Their bene-
factor, Padre Ram6n Ortiz, had been replaced in 1853, and Consul
Diffenderffer reported that El Paso del Norte authorities had been
seizing Mesilla's municipal funds and redividing the land, much to the
displeasure of the settlers.66
By the end of 1854 the foundations of American El Paso had been
laid, and for more than a century and a quarter it has been a com-
munity described as American, western, Texan, border, military, and
bilingual and bicultural. Such is its unique personality, shaped by the
historical developments which took place at the Pass of the North in its
formative years, 1848-1854.
Discovered Autobiography by David Meriwether (Norman, 1966), 237-238 (quotation);
Francisco R. Almada, Resumen de historia del estado de Chihuahua (Mexico City, 1955),
O6Almada, Resumen de historia, 242; Bowden, Spanish and Mexican Land Grants, 5o;
Long, "The Anglo-American Occupation of the El Paso District," 117; Diffenderffer to
Marcy, June 8, 1854, Despatches from United States Consuls in Ciudad Jutrez.
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Texas State Historical Association. The Southwestern Historical Quarterly, Volume 87, July 1983 - April, 1984, periodical, 1983/1984; Austin, Texas. (texashistory.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metapth117150/m1/56/: accessed April 25, 2018), University of North Texas Libraries, The Portal to Texas History, texashistory.unt.edu; crediting Texas State Historical Association.