The Southwestern Historical Quarterly, Volume 89, July 1985 - April, 1986 Page: 202
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2o2 Southwestern Historical Quarterly
percent of the total population.48 The Texas Revolution had thus com-
pletely reversed the fortunes of slavery, transforming it from an institu-
tion whose defenders sought merely to postpone the day of its demise
to one supported by law and prevailing opinion and expanding by
The Texas movement for independence had a dual character in re-
spect to slavery. Ideologically, the Texans displayed mostly reactionary
impulses, despite their frequent and fervent identifications with the
Spirit of '76. The practical-minded Anglo-Americans applied their ver-
sion of liberty, equality, and democracy cautiously and only to them-
selves. This aspect of the Texas Revolution clearly owed a debt to the
Great Reaction that swept the southern United States in the early
183os. By then, radical worldwide abolitionism had also emerged, a de-
velopment that fostered more reaction and thus reinforced the conser-
vative emphasis on property, order, and white supremacy. However
uncongenial in spirit toward black freedom, the Texas Revolution gen-
erated other forces-including armed conflict and internal disloca-
tion-that temporarily challenged the slave-labor system and Anglo ra-
cial hegemony. Yet the brevity of the war and the sudden collapse of the
Mexican invasion effort prevented the disintegration of slavery and
allowed Texans three more decades to apply the doctrines of their
48Adams (ed.), "Correspondence from the British Archives" (Oct., 1913), 198-199; Barnes
F. Lathrop, Migration into East Texas, 1835-i86o: A Study from the United States Census (Austin,
1949), 39, 59, 60; George D. Blaikie to J. F. Perry, June 6, 1836, Series A, typescript, IV, Perry
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Texas State Historical Association. The Southwestern Historical Quarterly, Volume 89, July 1985 - April, 1986, periodical, 1985/1986; Austin, Texas. (texashistory.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metapth117151/m1/240/: accessed September 21, 2017), University of North Texas Libraries, The Portal to Texas History, texashistory.unt.edu; crediting Texas State Historical Association.