The Southwestern Historical Quarterly, Volume 89, July 1985 - April, 1986 Page: 344
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Southwestern Historical Quarterly
nities in return for the cession of land between the Nueces and the Rio
Grande, as well as for New Mexico and California.75
The existing opposition increased, and General Paredes, who was
preparing his insurrection and not a march to the north, was able to
capitalize on it. Paredes grouped around him the majority of military
men, and his newspaper, Epaminondas, underscored the importance of
the army and the necessity of the war with Texas. Paredes also took ad-
vantage of a monarchist conspiracy organized by the Spanish minister
and Lucas Alamin, with the support of the courts of Madrid, Paris, and
London. For the monarchists Texas was lost, so they did not wish to
have it brought up in their manifesto. It was necessary to sacrifice Texas
"so that as a rotten member it does not poison the rest." They wished to
hasten Mexican recognition of Texas in order to take advantage of the
twelve million pesos they believed the government would receive from
the United States as an indemnity. Paredes did not accept the order to
march to the north and, upon rebelling on December 14, justified his
conduct by accusing the government of attempting to "disband the
army" by denying it the resources necessary for the march to the front,
"while an envoy was admitted with whom was discussed the execution
of the ignominious loss of territorial integrity." President Herrera re-
butted him with the same theme: "no, no it is not the poor state of the
Republic, not the war in Texas that he has never wanted to make but has al-
ways invoked, that has moved General Paredes," but only power. Some
conscientious military men refused to revolt in the face of the great
danger confronting the nation, but the wish to prevent the loss of Texas
was popular and allowed Paredes to find enough support to achieve
Herrera's fall consummated Mexican weakness on the eve of the
tragedy of 1846 and signified the squandering of the only trained and
capable army the Republic had managed to produce, thus assuring ab-
solute impotence in the face of an invader, who would leave such a pro-
found mark on the soul of Mexico. The veil did not yet descend over
the Texas question: the persistence of the issue was such that even well
into the United States invasion, the war continued to be the Texas War.
75David M. Pletcher, The Diplomacy of Annexation: Texas, Oregon and the Mexican War (Colum-
bia, Mo., 1973), 278.
76Niceto de Zamacois, Historia de Mjico... (22 vols.; Barcelona, 1876-1903), XII, 398-400;
Expediente reservado sobre gestiones para establecer una monarquia en Mejico (Archivo His-
t6rico Nacional, Madrid), Secci6n Estado, Legajo 5869; Lord Cowley to Aberdeen, Feb. 1,
1846, FO27, vol. 749, P- 53; Aberdeen to Lord Bulwer, Mar. 14, 1846, FO72, vol. 694, p. 30;
An6nimo, Mejico, Oct. 14, 18, 1845, MPAP.
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Texas State Historical Association. The Southwestern Historical Quarterly, Volume 89, July 1985 - April, 1986, periodical, 1985/1986; Austin, Texas. (texashistory.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metapth117151/m1/400/: accessed July 24, 2017), University of North Texas Libraries, The Portal to Texas History, texashistory.unt.edu; crediting Texas State Historical Association.