The Southwestern Historical Quarterly, Volume 90, July 1986 - April, 1987 Page: 96

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Southwestern Historical Quarterly

spirit, and the reconciliation of progress with southern tradition-a
summary chapter from which comes the book's subtitle.
Even though Progressives did little to alleviate the repressive racism
and segregation that persisted throughout the period, and suffered
some blind spots when it came to farm tenancy, Grantham sweepingly
refers to progressivism as "the most significant venture in social reform
undertaken thus far in the twentieth-century South." This assertion
may sound overly bold, given the New Deal and the civil-rights move-
ment of the fifties and sixties. But this book impressively documents
the claim and places the burden of proof on those who would argue
otherwise.
University of Houston/ University Park JAMES A. TINSLEY
Journal of an Indian Trader: Anthony Glass and the Texas Trading Frontier,
1790-18xo. Edited by Dan L. Flores. (College Station, Tex.: Texas
A&M University Press, 1985. Pp. xviii+ 158. Preface, introduction,
illustrations, epilogue, notes, bibliography, index. $19.50.)
Anthony Glass, a substantial, respected resident of Mississippi Ter-
ritory, traded in 1808-1809 amongst the Indians of North Central
Texas. He was one of a handful of Amerians encouraged by Thomas
Jefferson's administration to lure from Spain the trade and allegiance of
Indians between the Red River and the Rio Grande. Glass's journal of
his venture is unique and, according to editor Dan Flores of Texas Tech
University, "the most important document of the period and a gem for
the study of the American West" (p. xvi).
The original journal has disappeared, but a handwritten copy given
by Glass to Dr. John Sibley, American Indian agent at Natchitoches,
surfaced recently in the collection of the Sterling Memorial Library at
Yale. Working with microfilm of that copy, Flores divided the journal
into natural chronological sections and added an Epilogue on later
American trade with Texas Indians; on Glass's life after 1809; and on
the controversy Glass created by bringing back from the upper Brazos
"specimens of a heavy, silvery metal" (p. 85), pieces of a large meteorite
venerated by the Indians. Other traders promptly grabbed the entire
meteorite and moved it to Natchitoches.
In his introduction to the journal Flores characterizes Glass as a con-
temporary of far better-known Northwest Coast and Rocky Mountain
traders and notes that, although Glass was not a polished writer or a
naturalist, his "earthy, sometimes halting [prose was] often readable"
(p. 32). Flores rounds out his generous introduction to the journal with
over two hundred descriptive footnotes similar to those he included in

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Texas State Historical Association. The Southwestern Historical Quarterly, Volume 90, July 1986 - April, 1987, periodical, 1986/1987; Austin, Texas. (texashistory.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metapth117152/m1/122/ocr/: accessed August 31, 2016), University of North Texas Libraries, The Portal to Texas History, texashistory.unt.edu; crediting Texas State Historical Association.