The Southwestern Historical Quarterly, Volume 95, July 1991 - April, 1992 Page: 114

Southwestern Hzstorzcal Quarterly

over more than eight decades," and is now, according to Templer, "so deeply en-
trenched that sweeping reform seems unrealistic" (p. 260). While Texas has
made considerable progress in sensible surface water law, Templer suggests the
state's groundwater management is most instructive as an example of what
other states should avoid.
These essays cover a multitude of water issues crucial to the American South-
west. Power relationships between rural and urban areas are often the focus of
essays on Arizona and New Mexico. More unique interest groups such as the
military and Indian reservations receive attention. The complexity of all the
conflicting interest groups, the divergent state laws and policies, and the inter-
national implications are baffling, assuring us that allocation of this scarce but
essential resource will command our attention well into the new century.
Often I have informed university students that they will never starve if they
stay in the West, become a lawyer, and specialize in water law. This book gives
me no reason to modify that advice.
Unzverzty of Texas at El Paso ROBERT W. RIGHTER
Shades of the Sunbelt: Essays on Ethnczty, Race, and the Urban South. Edited by Ran-
dall M. Miller and George E. Pozzetta. (Boca Raton: Florida Atlantic Uni-
versity Press, 1989. Pp. xvii+229. Preface, acknowledgments, maps, tables,
notes, bibliographic essay, index. $16.95, paper.)
Although a familiar concept frequently applied to the development of north-
ern cities, social diversity has been far less commonly utilized in the study of
southern cities. That has been an understandable omission In a region in which
race rather than ethnicity has been a predominant motif for so long, but the
rise of the Sunbelt has not only made possible the dramatic growth of many
southern cities, it has also created a far more complex social mosaic in the region
for the first time in its history. This volume is a pioneering effort to grapple
with the implications of that diversity.
As several of the essays demonstrate, race has not disappeared as a relevant
issue; however, the emergence of ethnic pluralism has modified the social and
political landscape significantly. These changes are perhaps most obvious in
Florida and in particular in Miami. Raymond Arsenault and Gary R. Mor-
mino's analysis of the demographic history provides a solid background for
understanding the transformation of Florida into a Sunbelt giant, while Robert
F. Harney and Raymond Mohl examine the dynamics of migration and the po-
litical implications of growth in useful, insightful essays.
Miami and Florida are not, however, the only focus of this volume. In addi-
tion to providing their own, broad-ranging essays on the rise of the Urban
South and the implications for future research, the editors solicited several es-
says that compare developments regarding ethnicity, race, and women in vari-
ous other southern cities. Christopher Silver examines the effects of planning
on neighborhoods and racial segregation in Richmond and Memphis, while
Ronald Bayor analyzes the effects of ethnicity on city politics in Miami, Atlanta,
Houston, and San Antonio. Deborah Moore and Julia Blackwelder also employ


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Texas State Historical Association. The Southwestern Historical Quarterly, Volume 95, July 1991 - April, 1992, periodical, 1992; Austin, Texas. ( accessed August 22, 2017), University of North Texas Libraries, The Portal to Texas History,; crediting Texas State Historical Association.