The Southwestern Historical Quarterly, Volume 95, July 1991 - April, 1992 Page: 490
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Southwestern Historzcal Quarterly
The brigade's core regiments were the First, Fourth, and Fifth Texas
Infantry, which were assigned together for the first time in the fall of
1861. The overstrength First Regiment, recruited largely from East
Texas, was raised in April 1861 after the opening shots of the Civil War
at Fort Sumter, and eight of the twelve companies made their way
piecemeal to Virginia that spring and summer. The Fourth and Fifth
Regiments, drawn mostly from local military companies in the central
part of the state, were raised under the Confederate levy of June 30,
1861, for an additional 2,000 infantry from Texas. The first companies
left for the Virginia front in August, and the regiments were organized
there on the last day of September, with Hood as colonel of the Fourth
Regiment. On October 22 the Fourth and Fifth were assigned with the
First, whose colonel, Senator Louis T. Wigfall, had just been promoted
to brigadier general. Wigfall was given command of the new Texas Bri-
gade, which was also to include a Louisiana regiment; this order was
never carried out, however, and on November 20 the Eighteenth Geor-
gia Infantry became the brigade's fourth regiment.3
The three Texas regiments were brigaded together for the first time
on November 13, when the Fourth and Fifth joined the First at Dum-
fries, Virginia, near the site of present-day Quantico Marine Base.
There, roughly twenty-five miles south of Washington, D.C., they es-
tablished camp on Powell's Run as part of the division of Brig. Gen.
W. H. C. Whiting. The Texas Brigade spent the winter guarding ten
miles of the Potomac line between Quantico and Occoquan creeks and
helping to build embrasures for artillery batteries positioned to fire on
Federal ships attempting to pass up the Potomac to Washington.'
To the frontier Texans, who were admired as the best riders and
riflemen in the army, fell the additional duty of scouting behind Fed-
eral lines. Scouts from the Texas Brigade routinely crossed Occoquan
Creek, where the Confederate pickets stood watch, and several times
were able to approach within a few miles of Alexandria. They also pa-
trolled the neck of neutral territory that extended like the heel of a
boot into the Potomac at its intersection with the Occoquan. The scouts
regularly harrassed the Union outposts at Pohick Church, where
George Washington's family once worshipped, and always eluded Fed-
SSimpson, Hood's Texas Brzgade. Lee's Grenadzer Guard (Waco: 'Texian Press, 1970), 9-72; OR,
Ser. I, Vol V, p. 914.
4Simpson, Hood's Texas Brtgade Lee's Grenadzer Guard, 75, W. C. Nunn (ed.), Ten Texans zn
Gray (Hillsboro, Tex : Hill Junior College Press, 1968), 181.
Simpson, Hood's Texas Brigade: Lee's Grenadier Guard, 76; John Coxe, "Bloody Night Affair at
Colchester, Virginia," Confederate Veteran, XXIII (Apr., 1915), 168
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Texas State Historical Association. The Southwestern Historical Quarterly, Volume 95, July 1991 - April, 1992, periodical, 1992; Austin, Texas. (texashistory.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metapth117153/m1/566/: accessed July 22, 2017), University of North Texas Libraries, The Portal to Texas History, texashistory.unt.edu; crediting Texas State Historical Association.