The Southwestern Historical Quarterly, Volume 101, July 1997 - April, 1998 Page: 176
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Southwestern Historical Quarterly
in the original narratives.2 The majority of these authors favored trans-
Texas routes that begin on the coast near Galveston, head inland
through Central Texas, and do not leave the Lone Star State until reach-
ing the border at various points in distant West Texas. The accompany-
ing map shows one such trans-Texas route, published in 1940 in a book-
length study by Cleve Hallenbeck.s
However, a two-part study published in 1918 and 1919 by Harbert
Davenport and Joseph K. Wells proposed a more southerly route, with
the explorers leaving the Galveston region but then traveling parallel to
the Gulf Coast before crossing the lower Rio Grande and spending con-
siderable time in the states of Nuevo Le6n, Coahuila, and Chihuahua in
northern Mexico.4 Building on this foundation, the 1955 doctoral dis-
2 Donald E. Chipman, "In Search of Cabeza de Vaca's Route across Texas: An
Historiographical Survey," Southwestern Historical Quarterly, 91 (Oct., 1987), 127-148.
s Cleve Hallenbeck, Alvar Niniez Cabeza de Vaca: The Journey and Route of the First European to
Cross the Continent of North America, 1534-1536 (Glendale, Calif.: Arthur H. Clark Co., 1940).
Harbert Davenport and Joseph K. Wells, "The First Europeans in Texas, 1528-1536,"
Southwestern Historical Quarterly, 22 (Oct., 1918), 111-142, (Jan., 1919), o205-259.
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Texas State Historical Association. The Southwestern Historical Quarterly, Volume 101, July 1997 - April, 1998, periodical, 1998; Austin, Texas. (texashistory.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metapth117155/m1/228/: accessed September 21, 2017), University of North Texas Libraries, The Portal to Texas History, texashistory.unt.edu; crediting Texas State Historical Association.